Corporal Punishment in Nepalese Private Schools: Perception of Teachers
Jeevan Khanal, Ph.D. Scholar
Abstract: This study investigated the perception of teachers on corporal punishment in Nepalese private schools. The study was
conducted in five schools of Kathmandu Metropolitan city. The population of the study comprised private -school teachers.
Proportionate sampling technique was used to select 100 teachers from the five private schools representing all subject teachers. Data was collected using a closed -ended questionnaire, direct interview, observation and focused group discussion. Data collected from
questionnaire was analyzed using percentage and from observation and focus group discussion (FGD) by using qualitative method.
This study is significant to know the attitudes of private -school teachers towards the corporal punishment in Nepal. The study
concluded that traditional teaching style and methods were being practiced in the private schools of Nepal. Students were not
motivated for learning. The environment of learning is not conductive for them. To control children, private -school teachers used
hard punishment instead of looking for the means to motivate them for learning. Private -school teachers of Nepal had different
understandings about corporal punishment in comparison with international understanding. Teachers used corporal punishment to keep students quiet and to maintain the discipline. The culture of non -participatory teaching learning process was also found
contributing to the school violence.
A Preliminary Study on Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) from Heating Empty Nonstick Pans
Abstract: In recent years, preheating (empty heating) has been considered to be an incorrect application of non-stick pans, and the
practice is usually warned against on newly purchased non-stick pans’ labels. This is because non-stick pan coatings may emit
toxic volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the atmosphere when over-heated. However, the public awareness of this hazard
is extremely low. The reason lies in the fact that most research in this regard was conducted within non-stick pan manufactories
or environmental working groups. In addition, very few researches were published in peer-reviewed journals. The purpose of this
study is to develop a convenient method to collect and analyze VOCs emitted from heating pans in a real-life-simulation setting,
which in the future can be adopted in field research. It was hypothesized that heating a non-stick pan with water for five minutes
will emit less potentially toxic fumes than heating empty. A Solid Phase Micro -extraction (SPME) fiber was used to collect the emitted VOCs, and was then desorbed into a Gas Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometer to analyze its components. Three pans of the same
model were tested, forming three trials. The average relative peak areas of one potentially toxic VOC detected, benzoic acid, was
10,570,370 (84.7ng) when heating with water compared to 18,658,261 (139.3ng) when heating without water, a 64% increase when heating dry. The research result confirmed the hypothesis and it will help design large scale field research in the future as well as raising
public cautions against preheating non-stick pans.
Within China’s Scope: The Comparative Research Relating Professional Practices of Radical Medical Rescuing
Rober Gerving, Ph.D.
Abstract: In the history of medical practices, the medical instructors were always recognized as unique personnel whose knowledge,
experiences and professional levels were believed to be critical importance for the overall development of medical institutions. Though a lot of empirical investigation were conducted to identify the double perspectives on the view of identifying medical instructors as
both trainer and researcher, it is still worthwhile to deeply lay insight on what special professional characteristics contributing to the
climax of their professional practices. As a result, this empirical study plans to give particular insights of a holistic picture to readers
on this problematic issue of medical professional’s mysterious behavior and level of satisfaction through providing sophisticated
implications and enriched data analysis. This study is of great importance in the field of medical professional practices and it will
inspire future research on this area of concentration.
Constructive Instruction on Promoting Independent and Individual Learner’s Cognitive Learning Achievement
----A Unique Perspective in English Teaching and Learning Process
Feiqing Shao, Ph.D.
Abstract: Modern technology has gradually changed the way of teaching and learning in the new century and new Social Networking Sites (SNS) such as Twitter, Facebook, Pinterest, and Tumblr, etc. has already entered our social and daily life without notice. The
advanced modern facilities such as Internet, multimeida technology has made English teaching and learning constructive,
collaborative ad individualized. This particular study concentrates on each individual learner’s progressive learning panorama and
holistic description of an effective teaching and learning environment where a unique model of individual learner’s strategy has been
initialized and discussed. Moreover, based on the research result, the author also proposed a few effective strategies to improve
individual learning and group collaboration.
From the Perception of “Relative Time Zone System” (RTZS) to Objectively View the Constructive Velocity Constancy of RTZS Within the Scope of Cognitive Point of View
Peter Deroey, Ph.D.
Abstract: Based upon the classical theory of cognitive physics, the current research initiated the characteristics, the definition and the
associated connotation of “relative time zone system: (RTZS) in a systematic and cognitive perspective. Then the researcher employed
the data and analysis to reconstruct and reinterpret the classical explanation of RTZS by setting up the opposite yet related connotation of the concept paradigm. Through scientific data representation, data calculation and careful comparison of current and ancient
experimental result, the author concluded the preliminary assumption and reached a persuasive interpretation and conclusion, which
is of great scientific value in demonstrating the process, the theoretical basis and the indication of RTZS from both practical and
The Experimental Influences of Cultural and Historical Model on Foreign Language Acquisition ---A Pragmatic and Cognitive Perspective
John Baker, Ph.D.
Abstract: In view of four aspects of Second Language Acquisition (SLA), including listening, speaking, reading, and writing, the researcher set up experimental models to exam the practical effects of cultural and historical model on foreign language acquisition from a
pragmatic and cognitive perspective. It is universally acknowledged that foreign learners usually meet tremendous difficulties in
acquiring the four basic skills of English learning due to cultural, linguistic, and historical discrepancies. As a result, the pedagogical
practices for testing the experimental influences of cultural and historical model on foreign language acquisition raised strong need
and concern among the English teaching and learning practitioners. Previous research results showed that teaching practitioners in
Asian countries tended to use deductive strategy rather than inductive strategy to teach foreign language and this specific research
intended to add insights on how to combine the deductive and inductive strategy in teaching foreign language and what the impact of
this combined way of practice with particular focus on the influence of cultural and historical model upon foreign language writing.
Scientific Research on Questions, Wonders and Implications on the Systematic Review of Managerial Accountability System (MAS)
Adela Brown, Ph.D.
Abstract: Ever since the control measures for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) was taken into effect in this country, the
Managerial Accountability System (MAS) was considered to reach the remarkable level in the history. In this research, the author
simply introduced the more advanced practices of foreign administrative accountability, and then compared different countries’
practical ways of enforcing managerial accountability. In addition, the author also constructed research model of MAS to speculate on
the weakness and strengths of each different practices of carrying out MAS to convince the reader of the research result. It is assumed
that the lack of of legal MAS enforcement accountability, the disordered reality of accountability implementation are all current
obstacles to reach standard foundation of MAS.