Volume 3, Issue 12, December 2015

SALE: $199

Synthesis and Study of Structural, Optical and Morphological Properties of ZnO Thin Films and Their Application in Photoelectrocatalytic Inactivation of Escherichia Coli
Bhishma Karki, Ph.D. Scholar
Jeevan Jyoti Nakarmi, Ph.D. & Professor


Abstract: Photocatalysis is an efficient process for the degradation and complete mineralization of organic compounds. In present study, ZnO films are characterized for their structural, morphological, optical and photochemical properties. Due to large surface area (100 cm2) ZnO thin film was used in photoelectrocatalytic inactivation of Escherichia Coli (E.coli).

Arab Academics' Attitude Towards Google Translate
Ahmad Muhammed Al-Samawi, Ph.D. & Associate Professor


Abstract: The present study aimed at investigating Arab academics (teachers andstudents) attitude towards Google Translate (GT) in translating from English into Arabic. A questionnaire was developed using Liket scale to measure the attitude of a sample of 156 Arab academics taken randomly from a higher institution in the UAE. The questionnaire measured five related areas: general attitude to GT, GT reliability, GT errors, comparison of GT to other translators, including humans, and time and effort saved by GT. Results showed that all participants had negative attitudes to GT. Mann-Whitney U test revealed significant differences between teachers' attitude and students' attitude in this regard. Results were discussed thoroughly and suggestions were presented.

Social Security Allowances and Its Socio-economic Impacts to the Beneficiaries in Nepal: A Case Study of Arghakhanchi District
Devid Kumar Basyal, Ph.D. Scholar
Jin Wan Seo, Ph.D. & Professor


Abstract: Social security allowance (SSA) is considered as human right in the Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2007 and the recognition of social security as a basic human right was enshrined in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Presently, government of Nepal is spending around NRs. 15 billion on SSA which is about 3% of GDP. The issue and perceived benefit of SSA were less studied areas from beneficiaries’ perspectives. A survey and interviews were conducted to measure the perception of the beneficiaries. As a result, it was found that SSA was a good attempt to practice welfare state and it had impact on their additional expenditure and social activities. It was also found that the amount of SSA was inadequate. However, it was helping beneficiaries to manage pocket money and reduce economic dependency on others to some extent. Similarly, majority of the beneficiaries were taking SSA as a good program. There are views that it must continue and should increase in the future.

Eastern Way of Finding Truth 
Bijaya Raj Pant, M.Phil & Assistant Lecturer
Jeevan Khanal, Ph.D. Scholar

Abstract: This article describes and analyzes some aspects of eastern way of finding truth. It holds the belief that there are ontological differences in conducting research and finding truth. Meditative and non-meditative techniques for finding truths are two major methods in eastern world. Meditative way is spirit-centered but non-meditative way focuses on materialistic activities respecting spirit. Within meditative practice, speculative and intuition based techniques adopt discursive and static nature of investigation respectively. Intuitional technique leads to absolute reality whereas speculative derives conclusive finding. However, both of them accept metaphysical and eschatological aspect for the exploration. But, non-meditative way, Mriga-Vyadha technique of Manusmriti, expects multiple ways of investigation. Synthesized reality is concern of this method. However, western tradition of research needs materialistic ways to acquire the mechanical type of reality. Mostly, eastern method emphasizes to axiological aspect but western method expects ontology dominant way during the process of investigation.

Education Reform in the UAE: The Impact on Teacher Job Satisfaction
Kathy O'Sullivan, Ph.D.

Abstract: The expansion of education reform in the emirate of Abu Dhabi in United Arab Emirates (UAE) has highlighted tensions in the classroom. English language proficiency requirements add complexity to a milieu where many teachers began their careers teaching in the Arabic language. What, then, has this meant for teachers’ job satisfaction? The central aim of this study is to critically explore the perspectives of the teachers participating in this reform. Their increasing sense of dissatisfaction is revealed, partly due to a top-down approach to education reform and the increasing presence of foreign ‘experts’ in education in the country.

Technology and Pedagogy: Multimedia Integration in EFL Context
Joseph Decena Dayag, Ph.D.

Abstract: This paper reports the results of the study recently conducted to shed light on the extent of multimedia integration in teaching English as a Foreign Language (EFL). Carried out during the first semester of Academic Year 2014-2015 at Shinas College of Technology, Sultanate of Oman, the study was primarily intended to aid administrators in crafting policies related to the integration of multimedia in teaching EFL. Using a two-part questionnaire, the study elicited data from 60 EFL lecturers. The results of the study indicated that majority of the EFL lecturers frequently integrate multimedia in teaching EFL, particularly in introducing a topic, in providing enhancement activities, in unlocking technical vocabulary, and in providing listening activities. Data also revealed the following: the lecturers’ key reasons for integrating multimedia, the factors that facilitate multimedia integration, and the challenges encountered by the lecturers in integrating multimedia in their EFL classrooms. Finally, some pedagogical implications and recommendations for policy-making are shared based on the findings.

The Influence of Culture on Mathematics Language
Ibikunle O. Farajimakin, Mathematics Researcher

Abstract: This study aims to find out the relationship between culture and mathematics language. It shows the trend in development of mathematics language. It shows the link between the mathematics symbols and children physical quantity representation. It considered the mode of teacher communicates with pupils. This study reveals the relationship between the pupils experience in mathematics classroom and the understanding of the concepts of mathematics. Implications for future teacher training were considered.

Mandibular Molar with Extra Root- Three Case Reports
Sulabhi Shyam, MDS
Aparna Palekar, MDS & Professor
Vijay Mantri, MDS & Professor
Gufran Ali, MDS

Abstract: Mandibular molars can have an additional root located lingually (the radix entomolaris) or buccally (the radix paramolaris). If present, an awareness and understanding of this unusual root and its root canal morphology can contribute to the successful outcome of root canal treatment. This report discusses endodontic treatment of three mandibular molars with a radix entomolaris or paramolaris, both of which are rare macrostructures in the Caucasian population. The prevalence, the external morphological variations and internal anatomy of the radix entomolaris and paramolaris are described. Avoiding procedural errors during endodontic therapy demand an adapted clinical approach to diagnosis and root canal treatment.

The Importance of Technology in Mathematics Curriculum
Ibikunle O. Farajimakin, Mathematics Researcher

Abstract: This study shows the trend and relevant of information and communication technology in modern mathematics classroom. This paper discusses the need to familiarise training teachers and practicing teachers with new technology innovation in the modern mathematics classroom. It reflects on the influence of Integration of technology into mathematics classroom on mode of mathematics instruction.



Journal of American Academic Research 

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