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 Volume 12, Issue 2, June 2024

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Teaching Translation, Translation Strategies, and Cultural Characteristics*
 
Published at American Journal of Applied Linguistics (AJAL)
Wensheng Deng, Associate Professor 
Beijing Institute of Petrol-chemical Technology, Beijing, China
Zhang Haohao
Beijing Institute of Petrol-chemical Technology, Beijing, China
Wang Zhongji
Beijing Institute of Petrol-chemical Technology, Beijing, China
Wang Yixuan
Beijing Institute of Petrol-chemical Technology, Beijing, China
Yang Zirong
Beijing Institute of Petrol-chemical Technology, Beijing, China
Zhang Chengai
Beijing Institute of Petrol-chemical Technology, Beijing, China

 Abstract

When teaching translation, it is important to prioritize translation competence to facilitate cultural communication. However, while promoting cultural nationality in communication can help maintain diversity and balance cultural ecosystems, it may also impede understanding between different peoples. Using effective translation strategies can improve both translation competence and communication. Chinese students who struggle with English and Chinese language skills face particularly challenging obstacles in this area. This paper explores these issues and presents innovative teaching methods, translation strategies, and approaches to preserving cultural nationality while sharing Chinese culture with the world. The paper is divided into three parts. Part I outlines the steps to enhance translation competence in Chinese-English and English-Chinese translation. Part II advocates for maintaining cultural nationality while using foreignization strategies to communicate Chinese culture worldwide. Part III offers case analyses of how ideology can be reflected and refracted through translated works that highlight cultural nationality. The author of the paper hopes these insights will be helpful for translators in training, as well as for preserving cultural nationality and promoting effective communication of Chinese culture.  

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Excretory Method--A proposed research method in philosophy and an outline of its application 
 
Published at American Journal of Philosophy Quarterly (AJPQ)
 
Olsing Fortuna, Research Philosopher
Abstract

The aim of this contribution is to present a philosophical research method, namely, the Excretory Method. Taking both its foothold and its motivation from Excretory Philosophy, it is based on the idea that every philosophical text or work constitutes an action upon the world with the ultimate view to do the sharing between Excrementa and Excrements. This sharing works as a modus operandi underpinning the construction of all philosophical work whose true scope is to realize an action upon the world and the human relations envisaged as having previously undergone a certain form of alteration or corruption. In the movement of reflection that characterises the philosophical work, this action takes its form mainly in the intent of the work, through the sharing, to excrete from the body of human relations the Excrements perceived, while in the process restoring the Excrementa. That presupposes at the outset two major considerations at the basis of the Excretory Method, the one is that all philosophical work is intended to do good to humanity by helping restore its health, the other comes to the idea that there is a certain philosophical rationality running through the work itself that does not come from the structure of the text, but rather from the movement and dynamics of the philosophical reflection itself; and that, on the contrary, the very structure of the text is part of this philosophical rationality. These considerations alone seem to bring into view for the first time the concern whether philosophy is intended to do good or wrong to mankind, in other words, it draws attention to the ethical status of philosophy. Thus, besides opting for a benevolent ethical status of philosophy, the conceptualization of the method itself can also be envisaged as a way of demonstration to this very ethical status.  

French Version
 
La Méthode Excrétrice--Proposition d’une méthode de recherche en philosophie et une esquisse de son application

 

Published at American Journal of Philosophy Quarterly (AJPQ)
 
Olsing Fortuna, Research Philosopher
Résumé

Cette contribution a pour but de présenter une méthode de recherche philosophique, à savoir la Méthode Excrétrice. Prenant à la fois son point d’appui et sa motivation dans la Philosophie Excrétrice, elle part de l’idée que tout texte ou toute œuvre philosophique tient ultimement à faire le partage entre Excrementa et Excréments. Ce partage fonctionne à la manière d’un modus operandi à la base de la construction de toute œuvre philosophique dont la portée véritable est de réaliser une action sur le monde et les relations humaines envisagées comme ayant préalablement subies une certaine altération ou une forme de corruption quelconque. Dans le mouvement de réflexion qui caractérise l'œuvre philosophique, cette action prend forme principalement dans l'intention de l'œuvre, à travers le partage, d'excréter du corps des relations humaines les Excréments perçus, tout en restituant les Excrementa. Cela présuppose d'emblée deux considérations majeures à la base de la Méthode Excrétrice, l'une est que tout travail philosophique a pour vocation de faire du bien à l'humanité en contribuant à lui rétablir la santé, l'autre revient à l'idée qu'il existe une certaine rationalité philosophique en jeu à travers l'œuvre elle-même qui ne relève pas de la structure du texte, mais plutôt du mouvement et de la dynamique de la réflexion philosophique elle-même. Et qu’au contraire, la structure même du texte participe de cette rationalité philosophique. Ces considérations à elles seules semblent mettre en évidence pour la première fois la question de savoir si la philosophie est destinée à faire du bien ou du mal à l’humanité ; en d’autres termes, elles attirent l’attention sur le statut éthique de la philosophie. Ainsi, outre le choix d’un statut éthique bienveillant de la philosophie, la conceptualisation de la méthode elle-même pourrait également être envisagée comme étant un moyen de démontrer ce statut éthique même.

 
 
Teaching Practice of Moral Education in General Education Curriculum for Chinese Colleges and Universities--- Case Study of German at Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology
Published at American Journal of Higher Education (AJHE)
 
Dexuan Liu
Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, China
Abstract

With the education reform in China, moral education has become a focal point. Various scholars have explored different facets of this topic. To fulfill the primary mission of cultivating students with virtues as outlined by the Central Government, universities and colleges nationwide are undergoing education and teaching reforms by striving to integrate language instruction with moral education. Embedding moral values into foreign language courses is deemed as an effective approach to achieve comprehensive education involving all individuals and processes. Nevertheless, there is a lack of research on moral education in language courses other than English. This paper aims to analyze the necessity and feasibility of incorporating moral education aspects into the general education curriculum in higher education institutions using the German language course at Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology as a case study.

Globalization, New Managerialism, and Global Disturbance: The Changing Academic Climate in the Multiple Dimensions of World’s Higher Education **
Published at American Journal of Higher Education (AJHE)
Natal Wolhuter, Research Scholar
Flensburg University of Applied Sciences, Germany
Abstract

In view of the trends in global higher education, Altbach, Reisberg, Liz (2019) pointed out that providing higher education to all aspects for a country’s general population means confronting social inequalities completely rooted in history, culture, social and economic structure which may influence each individual to compete in society. By investigating the changing nature of the academic profession in contemporary society, the researcher narrowed down the research scope of this particular article to globalization, new managerialism, and global disturbance: the changing academic climate in the dynamic dimension of world’s higher education. First of all, the researcher globalization, new managerialism, and global disturbance by citing extensive references and self-interpretation. Second, the author reviewed the basic literature in the recent educational field and illustrated how to improve the cognitive recognition of the basic concepts mentioned. By comparing the two distinctive schools of academic assertions, the author skillfully left the research questions for readers to doubt, dispute, reflect, summarize and conclude. It is envisioned by the author that in the future comparative work on trends in higher education, researchers should take particular attention on both the practical aspects and the methodological aspect based on extensive research and deduction.  *

 
 
 
 
 
The Ways of Promoting the National Culture of the Jing from the Perspective of Chinese Cultural Soft Power – Case Study of the Jing’s Traditional Festivals
Published at American Journal of Higher Education (AJHE)
Quanchang Li  Jinghan Zhang
Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, China
Yaqin He
Advisor & Corresponding Author
Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, China
Abstract

In recent years, enhancing our national cultural soft power has become a pressing need. This will not only strengthen our national image, but also create a harmonious international environment and better equip us to navigate the increasingly fierce international competition. The rapid economic development has heightened people’s pursuit of spiritual and cultural values. Preserving and promoting traditional Han culture is now more important than ever. However, in the wave of exploring Han culture, the cultures of ethnic minorities seem to be falling behind, leading to a gap in inheritance and development between ethnic minority cultures and Han culture. Thus, promoting innovation and exploration of minority cultures and methods of inheritance is crucial for the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

To address the lack of momentum and uneven development of traditional ethnic minority cultures, this paper focuses on preserving and developing Jing culture. By embracing the concept of “multiculturalism” and building on previous research, the paper aims to promote and integrate Jing’s festival culture into every household, starting with traditional festivals of the Jing nationality. It also advocates for the incorporation of traditional Jing cultural festivals into daily life through essential calendars in households, thereby creating a calendar that highlights Jing ethnic festivals and facilitates the dissemination of Jing ethnic culture.

A survey was conducted to gauge public acceptance of the Jing festival calendar, revealing a positive attitude towards learning about Jing culture and a willingness to utilize the calendar for this purpose. The use of a Jing ethnic festival perpetual calendar as a tool for promoting Jing ethnic culture nationwide was deemed feasible. However, electronic calendars were found to be more popular than physical calendars among the public. To better meet the public's needs and maximize the promotion and preservation of Jing culture, further research is necessary to integrate traditional festivals with electronic calendars.

 
 
 
 
 
Effects of Biochemically Triggered Heat Stress (BTHS) on Crop Plants: A Futuristic Perspective **
Published at American Academic Journal of Agriculture (AAJA)
 
Amal Ali, Ph.D. Scholar
University of Karachi, Pakistan
Abstract

Extensive Heat Stress (EHS) is defined as an important environmental stress which confines plant growth, development, metabolism, fruition, and productivity on the worldwide scale (Hasanuzzaman & Nahar, 2013). Plant growth development and productivity actually concerns countless biochemical interaction and reactions that are sensitive to temperature. Gradually rising environmental temperature is the key component for environmental control, which is in advance of most perilous abiotic stress. Nanotechnology, viewing the agricultural sectors, have captured intensive research efforts because of their distinctive properties and numerous applications. A field trial was performed to evaluate the effect of HHS levels on growth, yield and quality of crop under heat stress. The plant measurements were made for heat induced changes on osmolytes accumulation, lipid peroxidation, oxidative stress and antioxidative response, seed nutrient and yield attributes at flowering stage. Among all sowing dates, the crop which was sown on March 7, 2018 (First sowing date), statistically performed better than other sowing dates although foliar application of 20 ppm zinc oxide nanoparticles ameliorate mungbean performance under both, no heat and heat induced environments.  *

Study of the Application of Smartphones in Autonomous Learning of College English Listening
Published at Journal of American Academic Research (JAAR)
 
Xinming Xu, Researcher, Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, China
Jiying Fan, Corresponding author and supervisor, M.A. & Associate Professor, Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, China

Abstract

With the rapid development of mobile technology, smart phone mobile learning, as a new form of learning, has become the forefront and an indispensable part of educational applications. With its powerful digital functions and huge user group, smartphones have become the learning terminal of the mobile learning concept. Therefore, this paper uses the methods of literature research, investigation methods to make an in-depth study of College Students' autonomous learning of English listening with smartphones, and analyzes the students' learning characteristics, English listening learning ability and the current situation of autonomous learning of English Listening with smartphones. In addition, it also puts forward some constructive suggestions to solve some problems college students encounter in the process of autonomous English listening and learning using smart phones. In order to improve the efficiency and ability of college students' autonomous learning of English listening, this paper provides prediction of the application of smartphones in future life, and puts forward the development trend of autonomous learning of English listening.

Comprehensive Effects of Biochar Application: A Sustainable and Holistic Method to Achieve the Increase of Crop Production **
Published at American Academic Journal of Agriculture (AAJA)
Joseph Moore, Ph.D. & Assistant Professor
University of Exeter, UK
Abstract

The current research focused on the comprehensive effects of Biochar application and how to achieve sustainable increase in the production of agricultural crop production. From previous research, we can see that maltreatment of inorganic fertilizers has become non -sustainable or increasingly not affordable in many areas of agricultural practice around the world due to loss of soil erosion, soil fertility, and increased fertilizer cost. Furthermore, fertilizers which are chemical in nature also polluting soil, water and air and pose many toxic products in living communities. Since the increasing fertilizer cost and urban sprawl, which quickly decrease the agricultural farm and quality of soilj, an alternative method was required to achieve sustainability in agricultural crop production. Biochar is this kind of alternative and well-recognized method by scientists because of its major role in carbon sequestration, decreasing the emissions of greenhouse gases, waste management, renewable sources of energy and a rich source of nutrients as an amendment in soil. Studies in this research demonstrated that Biochar was a reliable and porous solid charcoal-similar material, with rich carbon obtained from the pyrolysis of various organic material e.g., farm and forest and chicken litter. The current critical review summarizes about biochar production through comparison, application and influence on soil physicochemical properties, as well as interaction with the soil microorganisms, the key role in the soil after amendment with mobilizing bacteria, effects in the reduction in greenhouse gases and metal contamination and its positive and negative impacts on plant growth and yield attribute when biochar was operated in the soil.  *

Effectiveness of Mass Communication in Changing Human Behavior: The Impact and Result of Strategical Analysis of SNSs Application on Social Events **
Published at American Journal of Human Resource Management (AJHRM)
Charles Davis, Ph.D. Scholar
Robert Gordon University, UK
Abstract

This paper aims at finding out the effectiveness of mass communication in changing human behavior and how SNSs Application could possibly strategically change the social events. The researcher started the article by summarizing the current category of SNSs and reviewing the current controversies of SNSs application. Then based on the literature review and data analysis, the researchers posted challenging questions about misconduct of social networking tools in the field of mass communication. One of the unsolved problems remains on how to define mass media and mass communication in the 21st century with rich tech and artificial intelligence. And how to encourage the community to get involved in communications planning, disseminating communication information and achieving the goal of mass communications.  *

Considerations for Home and Community-Based  COVID-19 Pandemic: The Undiscovered Consequences Among Iranian Startups **
Published at American Journal in Health Science (AJHS)
Robert Johnson, Ph.D.
University of Richmond, USA

Abstract 

Due to the allocation of health resources and services, it is commonly believed that community-based protection and prevention is very effective to cut off Covid-19 transmission at the beginning stage. Recent years, the COVID-19 abrupt outbreak has become a major concern with substantial effects on markets, and the world economy. The impact of COVID-19 is assessed to be even more than all the previous global pandemic. In this short-term, due to the impacts of this pandemic, startups are more prone to fail or succeed faster than ever before; however, the challenges they face are not yet clearly scrutinized, as the pandemic was faster than scholars. This study therefore investigates the main challenges of Iranian startups by interviewing the co-founders of fifteen well-known startups. The two-step coding was used to analyze findings and these findings were explained in a focus group session to which startup co-founders, policymakers, and scholars were invited. It was concluded, six principal types of challenges are major concern by this pandemic, including, human resources management, support measures financial and marketing, mechanisms, crisis management, and few others. The research will have great impact and influence on alleviating the current emergent situation.  *

Education, Knowledge and Economy in the Triangle of Recent Urban Development: The Case for New Entrepreneurs under Constraints of Neoliberalism and Higher Education Matrix **
 
Published at American Journal of Higher Education (AJHE)
Rosemary Williams, Ph.D. and Instructor
Mount Saint Vincent University, Canada
 
Michael Brown, Ph.D.
Mount Saint Vincent University, Canada

Abstract 

Education opportunity is considered to be one of the most valuable factors in the economic development and employee retain rate. This particular research will demonstrate how the co-effect of education, knowledge and economy will influence recent urban development. The domination of neoliberalism and the connected discourses of new public management during the 1990s to 2000s has introduced a fundamental uplift in the way of higher education in universities and other institutions. Each has defined and justified their institutional existence. The old professional culture of intellectual enquiry and examination has been replaced with institutional new performativity, as evidenced by the emergence of an emphasis on measured outputs: on planned development, student performance, quality assurance measures and academic credit and audits. This paper identified the links between neoliberalism and globalization as well as neoliberalism and the knowledge economy. According to it, in a global neoliberal environment, the role of higher education in economic development is governed by governments as having greater importance to the extent that higher education has become the new star ship in the policy fleet for governments around the world. Universities are the basic driver for economic knowledge and as a consequence higher education institutions have been encouraged to develop links with industry. The recognition of the economic importance of higher education for economic viability is necessary to promote greater entrepreneurial skills and develop the new performative measures to enhance output to achieve targets. This paper attempts to document these trends at the level of both political philosophy and economic theory. The author believes that the research result will give the light in the research of education, economy and urban development.  *

Increasing Optimal Efficiency of Crop Production under the Negative Influence of Global Greenhouse Effect **
 
Published at American Academic Journal of Agriculture (AAJA)
Bradley Smith, Ph.D. & Assistant Professor
Pepperdine University, USA
Abstract

The Green Revolution in 1960s enabled a sharp increase of the production of major staple grain crops (wheat, corn, rice, etc) to solve the ever-increasing demands of an increasing global population growing with geometric numbers. This article focused on how to increase the optimal efficiency of crop production under the impact of global greenhouse effect. We understand that the climate change effects have advanced in the past decade, there are still gaps in knowledge regarding the potential impacts of climate change on agriculture. These gaps are especially wide when it comes to specialized cultivation systems such as those of fruit and vegetable, which globally provide a high contribution to the human diet. To fill these gaps, we need a multifaceted approach that integrates physiology and genomics tools and might thus provide comprehensive answers, aiming at future needs. The increase in atmospheric CO2 is one of the main drivers of the climate changes and the increase of the global temperature. The CO2 molecule is also an essential nutrient for plants and increases in its concentration in the atmosphere have the potential to improve plant productivity (Leisner, 2020). However, optimizing the repose of plants to the increase in CO2 is a challenge due to its  complex interaction with the regulation of stomata, transpiration and the efficiency of water use, issues discussed in detail in open stomata  agriculture by Fara et al. 2019. The cultivation of crops with high productive potential and with greater resilience to biotic and abiotic stresses is seen as one of the methods with the greatest potential for obtaining higher yields, reducing the use of pesticides and without increasing the cultivated areas. Advances in genomics revolutionized and accelerated plant breeding. This will continue as costs decrease and more advanced methods are developed and applied. This was discussed by Gomes et al. 2020, in the characterization of a germplasm bank of Cucurbita moschata D. where they described the genetic relationships of agro-morphological characteristics, with the purpose of identifying early flowering genotypes, genotypes with high total levels of carotenoids in the fruit pulp and those with high potential for seed productivity and seed oil. There is an urgent need to support resilient and sustainable agriculture and the path is implementing cultivation practices and identifying new genes for agriculture. These genes should be directed to the optimization of production, mainly for the development of characteristics such as greater efficiency in the use of water, aspect fundamental in the current scenario, aiming at greater productive efficiency, less energy input and less risks to the environment.  *

Positive and Negative Benefits of Flaxseed as an Organic Food Source During the Period of Sustainable and Strategic Development **
 
Published at American Academic Journal of Agriculture (AAJA)
Süleyman Özberk, Ph. D. and Lecturer
Cukurova University, Turkey
Abstract

Flaxseed was cultivated in Babylon in around many centuries ago and many people consider it as one of the most powerful plant foods on the planet (Magee, 2020). When Traced back to history, we can also realize that flaxseed can be used to treat diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, stroke and all kinds of cancer. The application of flaxseed was highlighted by scientists and medical workers for many centuries. However, the valuable effects of flaxseed was always underestimated to a large degree, and even people who are working in the specific field can not cognitively associate the benefits of flaxseed with the treatment of certain disease. Thus, the waste of flaxseed was unnoticed when it comes over-consumption and non-effective consumption. This article will enumerate both the positive side and the negative side of flaxseed which will benefits sustainable development as an organic food source. After a systematic comparison and analysis, the conclusion was drawn naturally with statistic analysis and logic induction as scientific collaboration. *

Comparing Obesity in Urban and Rural Area Based on Demographic Factors and How Obesity Negatively Influence People’s Life Quality and Educational Level **
Published at American Journal in Health Science (AJHS)
Chukwunonso Ogbeide, Ph.D. Scholar & Lecturer
University of Benin. Nigeria
Abstract

According to recent research done by Zibima, S. B., Wasini, K. B., & Oniso, J. I. (2020), obesity is dramatically increasing year by year and it was consider one of the most severe life-threatening fatal diseases globally by the end of 2020. The fact is that obesity itself may not be dangerous, but the complications related to obesity can be deadly or fatal in a great extent. Though many researchers have had extensive research in this field, only a few compared the scientific data from unban area with which from the suburban area. The goal of this research is first, to employ scientific data, research, and analysis with the goal of raising public awareness for people who are within the high-risk group and try to rescue them by informing them of the basic knowledge of obesity’s origin, prevention, danger, threatening, and treatment. Second, the realistic purpose for this research is comparing obesity in urban and rural area based on demographic factors and how obesity negatively influence people’s life quality and educational level. A questionnaire was obtained from 200 attendees and Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for the scientific analysis of the data. The research results confirmed the doubts and anxiety of the severely negative influence of obesity on educational achievements, human life quality, life expectancy at present and in the future. *

Contemporary Research on Synthesis Methods of Metal-organic Frameworks (MOFs) **
Published at American Journal of Chemical Science (AJCS)
Shawna Pochipinski, Ph. D. & Lecturer
University of Abuja, Nigeria
 
Abdulkadir Bamisaye, Ph. D. & Assistant Professor
Abia State University, Nigeria

Abstract

Recent years, the research on Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are countless yet no previous research focused on MOF on the basis that they are a class of hybrid network of supramolecular solid materials composed of organized organic linkers and metal cations. This research paper displayed enormously high surface areas with tunable pore size and fitful functionality, and it can be applied to the hosts for a range of guest molecules. After the thorough discovery research, MOFs have experienced widespread exploration for their applications in gas storage, drug delivery and sensing. An ultimate goal of the current research is to better understand the two-sided effects of MOF membranes and the research result showed significant positive proofs. The preliminary conclusion is that MOFs can be regarded as a reusable merging of solid acids and organic polymers in the area of construction and industrial foundation. This article synthesized the functionality of MOFs with unique perspective and the research implications are of great importance in further discovering and advancing the practical development of chemical science. *

Understanding Our Mind Through Guidance: How Philosophy Enables Us to Perceive the World and Master Human Mind **
Published at American Journal of Philosophy Quarterly (AJPQ)
Keith Jardine, Ph.D. & Assistant Professor
University of Central Missouri, USA
 
Carlos Knoll, Ph.D. Scholar
University of Central Missouri, USA
Abstract

The current research is understanding our mind: how philosophy enables us to perceive the world and master human mind. As we all know, designing a study about the thinking pattern to investigate how minds work while thinking is the mind in conversation with itself. The central model stated that the mind is the core mode of self-interrogation in psychotherapy and psychology built on philosophical precepts. Both Socratic dialogue and stoicism are evident in the principles of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT). CBT and especially REBT instruct people to examine and dispute their beliefs and thus to tolerate unpleasant feelings—shades of Epictetus. The connection is bidirectional: The most perplexed evidence showed that people's psychological positions on philosophical questions in the center of the free-will existence are significantly influenced by their individual temperament and personality rather than cognitive ability. Future research will explore related philosophical questions which remain for human beings to further discover. *

From Western Culture to Eastern Culture: A Dialogic Perspective on the Holistic Overview of Chinese Culture and American Culture **
Published at Journal of American Academic Research (JAAR)
Wenbin Xue, Ph. D. & Lecturer
China University of Mining & Technology, China
Abstract

Due to globalization, the clear-cut contrast between Chinese culture and American culture was blurred through constant cultural dialogue and interaction. Culture is complex and multidimensional. It is in fact too complex to define a certain culture in simple terms and rough definition. Kroeber and Kluckhohn in 1952 identified over 160 different definitions of culture. One of the earliest widely cited definitions by Tylor in 1887 defines culture as “that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by human as a member of society.” With a dialogic perspective, this article investigated the differences and common features between western culture and eastern culture by observing the holistic overview of specific culture in China and in America. The research result confirms our hypothesis. The research also suggested that people in modern era should view distinct culture with more tolerance, appreciation and respect. New culture should be redefined with respect to historical facts, linguistic uniqueness and differences in customs.  *

Research Review: Practical Research on Applications of MOFs for Gas Storage **
 
Published at American Journal of Chemical Science (AJCS)
Jack Willough, Ph. D. & Director of Research
University of New Orleans, USA
 
Nancy Evans, Ph. D. & Lecturer
University of New Orleans, USA
Abstract

Recent years, research on MOF application showed positive tendency in MOF effects on gas storage. However, current researchers conducted a serious investigation and found the previous research had obvious flaws in over-generalization. Several options are available for storing gases effectively, but these mostly require high-pressure tanks and multistage compressors. Such methods are highly expensive for practical uses and there is a need for them to be substituted by simple and less expensive solutions. In an attempt to overcome these issues and to find safer storage methods, several materials, like zeolites or activated porous carbons, have been studied for gas storage. However, MOFs have outperformed most of these traditional materials in terms of gas storage, separation and industrial application. Easy synthetic procedures, high surface area, wide opportunities for functionalization and tunable pore structures make MOFs preferable compared with other porous materials. This article reviews studies of storage applications for important gases like H2, CO2, CH4, CO, NO, hydrocarbons etc. within MOFs, with a brief description of the factors responsible for effective storage. The current researcher hopes that this research result could be reevaluated and reinstated in order to avoid practical losses. *

Applied Linguistics Revisited: Can University Students Improve English Language Skills in a “Hybrid-Method-Setting” in a Remote Area in Mainland China **
 
Published at American Journal of Applied Linguistics (AJAL)
Xiaobin Zhang, Ph. D. & Associate Professor
Shanxi Normal University, China
Abstract

The current research on applied linguistics provided us a new perspective on language acquisition and this research will solve the research question: Can University Students Improve English Language Skills in a “Hybrid-Method-Setting” in a Remote Area in Mainland China? We selected 100 students from English linguistics major class and trained them through different techniques in the classroom. Teachers give them training materials and specific instruction in learning and performances. Then instructors gave insightful suggestions for English-as-a-second-language learners (ESLs) on how to improve their English language skills from the perspective of applied linguistics and cognitive linguistics; The research yielded constructive result which has far-reaching impact on English teaching and learning activities with meaningful findings, First result revealed that students should be mentally prepared to engage in practical exercises and be ready to active participation in the classroom. Second, students should often attend specific seminar and question answer session to obtain the expected level of language skills during the process of language application. In addition, authentic motivation, deep interest and collaboration are also key factors which positively influence the final achievement of language acquisition. *

 
 
 
 
 
Contributing Factors in Determining Balance Between Job Opportunities, Job Employment and Job Satisfaction in European Countries **
Craig Henderson , Ph.D. & Assistant Professor
University of Houston, USA
Abstract

Nowadays, due to the harsh competition in job market, job opportunities declines year by year. Even if people were employed, the benefits for job and the satisfaction in job decrease. How to balance between Job opportunities, job employment and job satisfaction in European countries remains critical changes to be reasonably resolved. This research aims to discover contributing factors in determining balance between job opportunities, job employment and job satisfaction in European countries and the implication was also disclosed at the end of the article.  *

The Critical Perspectives in Efficiently Managing and Evaluating Corporate Employee Conducts, Operation Risks and Policy Optimization with the Help of Practical Real-world Examples, Empirical Research Result and Employees' Cooperation **
Vincent Griffin, Ph.D. & Assistant Professor 
Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada
Abstract

In recent years, research on assessing employee behavior, operational risk, and policy optimization has gradually increased. But how to use the practical real-world examples, the experience of research results and the cooperation of employees, as three effective means, effectively manage and evaluate the risk of employee behavior, operation and policy optimization is comparatively rare. This research article combines real-life examples and empirical survey methods to achieve optimal management and evaluation on the corporate employee behavior, operational risk and policy optimization so that the company's employees' work capacity improves, behavior standardized, and product quality promoted.  This research will serve as an inspirational guide for the future development and prosperity of modern enterprises. *

Practice Guideline of Patient Treatment under Protection of Scientific Interventions ---A Tentative Assumption of Medical Research **
Ali Flores, Ph.D. & Lecturer
Future University in Egypt, Egypt    
 
Raymond Nelson, Ph.D. & Assistant Professor
Adelphi University, USA
Abstract

Recent years of research in patient intervention treatment has made great breakthrough and the study in this field also shifted from theoretical hypothesis to practical treatment process. This specific study will introduce the practical guideline of patient treatment process and result under the protection of scientific intervention to ensure the safety and security of the progress of the practice. With examples, research survey, the author also revealed the possible direction of future medical research and the research findings and implications were also discussed. *

Collaborative Group Tasks, Problem Solving, and Social Interaction under the Environment of Computer-aided Intelligent Learning Environment **
 
Published at American Journal of Computer Sciences (AJCS)
Robin Bachman, Ph.D. Scholar
Stevens Institute of Technology, USA
Abstract

Learning through computer-aided inquiry was considered as an important breakthrough in teaching and learning history as it substantially improved the frequency of social interaction, cognitive thinking and learning achievements. According to Dillenbourg, P., Järvelä, S., & Fischer, F. (2009), the collaboration among peers can be “pre-designed” with specific purpose of improving learner ability and learning effectiveness in a specific field of acquisition. In addition, it can facilitate affective, social, emotional and motivational ability with the aid of purposeful scenarios and online interaction. The researcher did the experiment in a remote US university with 100 learners in the control group and 100 learners in the experimental group. The test result surprised all test takers and organizers with non-effects related predictive results. The current research focused on the observation and analysis of collaborative group task, problem solving, and social interaction under the environment of computer-aided and intelligent Learning environment. The research result will be beneficial to scholars all over the world who has a particular interest in discovering how computer-aided learning environment on collaborative group task, problem solving, and learning improvement. *

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