Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2020

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Developing EFL Students' Pragmatic Competence Through Sitcoms: A Conceptual Framework for Teaching Contexts*
Published at American Journal of Applied Linguistics (AJAL)
Osama Mudawe Nurain Mudawe, Ph.D. & Assistant Professor
English Department, College of Arts and Humanities, Jazan University, KSA. 
 
Abstract

Teaching pragmatics in EFL settings seems to be daunting tasks for teachers. This complexity has been attributed to the fact that there are no particular textbooks for teaching pragmatics for EFL students. Typically, teachers tend to create various scenarios tailored for exposing students to authentic conversations to promote their understanding of the functional role of the language used in real and authentic daily life contexts. Sitcom, as an example of a repository for authentic materials, could effectively be used as a springboard for teaching pragmatics. Therefore, the study attempts to probe into the potentials of using Sitcom as a source for exposing EFL students to a comprehensible input that would develop their pragmatic competence in association with various parts of speech acts. Moreover, it provides a conceptual framework for improving EFL students' pragmatic abilities through the analysis of the natural conversation by applying Gricean maxims associated with what Hymes considered through pragmatic to insights into the nature of various tactics and strategies, which might be implemented for classroom instruction. The study triggered some findings that emphasize the decisive role of sitcoms as teaching tools with extraordinary and significant promises for EFL settings. The natural flow of authentic conversation accelerates EFL students' access to an abundance of the functional role of the language in the lively, funny, and humored environment.

Analyzing Factors Affecting SMEs Performance When Using Legal Services in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam*
Published at American Journal of Law and Practices (AJLP)
NGUYEN MINH DUC, Director of Duc Nguyen Limited Law Company
Hanoi University of Law, Vietnam 
Abstract

Nowadays, legal service is considered as the most essential service for enterprises. Consulting laws regularly and using legal services can help enterprises solve risks or untoward mistakes in their business with the lowest cost. This paper was conducted by quantitative method, and data used in this paper was collected from 240 small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in 24 districts located in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Vietnam. The factor affecting most to SMEs performance was Risk Management, the second one was Service Quality, and the final one was Responsiveness. In general, the legal services are useful for SMEs in business activities. Therefore, SMEs in HCMC can apply this empirical study to set up their business strategies and improve their performance when using legal services in order to enhance competitive competence as well as their benefits.

Functionalist Approaches to Software Localization---A Case Study of the Localization of Blender*
Published at Journal of American Academic Research (JAAR)
Shan Ge, Master & Lecturer
Foreign Languages Department
Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, China
Corresponding Author: Yilin Li, Scholar
School of Information Engineering
Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, China

Abstract

Functionalist approaches to translation put forward that any translational action is a purposeful activity and all the translator’s choices of translation strategies and techniques should serve to fulfill the intended purpose best, which provides a sound theoretical framework for software localization. Software localization aims at satisfied user experience. A survey of Chinese users of Blender software reveals that to achieve the purpose of improved user experience, software localization should meet the criteria of integrity, professionalism, and user-friendliness.

Multinomial Expansion Terms and Kamalmani Baral's Pascal Triangle (New Approach)*
Published at American Journal of Applied Mathematics (AJAM)
 
Kamalmani Baral, Ph. D., & Professor of Mathematics and Statistics
OSF Saint Anthony Medical Center, IL, USA
Abstract

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Trends in Educational Technology*
 
Published at American Journal of Higher Education  (AJHE)
Fahhad Alghamdi, Ph.D. of Educational Technology
Concordia University Chicago, USA

 Abstract

Introducing technology in the educational process is important and improves teaching practices and the quality of education. Using advanced methods and tools help teachers realize a number of important goals, including better involving students in an active learning environment. Growing interest in digitalization has made it both viable and important to start introducing digital games and virtual reality as tools for learning at educational establishments. Current research on using digital games and virtual reality in educational settings indicates that these tools are largely seen as successful and important by scholars and practitioners. These trends help to improve teaching and learning due to their benefits and students' interest to use it. Therefore, this paper is aimed to introduce new trends in educational technology in schools which are digital games and virtual reality. This paper explores how digital games and virtual reality can be incorporated into schools by using change models and comprehensive professional development and how it can be evaluated.

           

Strategic Entrepreneurship Practices and Organizational Performance of Selected Foods and Beverages Manufacturing Companies in Lagos States, Nigeria*
Published at American Journal of Marketing Management  (AJMM)
Henry Diko Koce Ph.D. & Director Bida Poly Consult 
Federal Polytechnic Bida, Nigeria

 Abstract

The food and beverages manufacturing sector globally plays a pivotal role in social and economic development of any economy. The industry in Nigeria, however, has been plagued with the challenges of inappropriate employment of strategic entrepreneurship, organization rigidity, poor business innovation, mismatch of organization environmental planning, poor power and infrastructural facilities, and thus reduced organizational overall performance of food and beverages companies. Hence, this study investigates the effects of strategic entrepreneurship practices on overall organizational performance of selected quoted foods and beverages manufacturing companies in Lagos States, Nigeria. The research design employed was survey research design and six leading and quoted food and beverages companies were selected which controls 93% of the total market share of the entire listed food and beverages industry. The total population was 2,786 employees and multistage sampling techniques with sample size of 494 determined by Cochran formula. A well-structured questionnaire was adapted and validated. The Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficients for the constructs ranged between 0.710 and 0.881. Findings revealed that there was significant and positive effect of strategic entrepreneurship practices on organizational overall performance of selected food and beverages manufacturing companies in Lagos State (Fstat = 89.519, Adj.R² = 0.732, p<0.05). The study concludes that strategic entrepreneurship practices have positive and significant effects on organizational overall performance of selected food and beverage companies in Lagos State, Nigeria. The study recommends that the Nigerian food and beverages industry should employ strategic entrepreneurship practices, modern marketing management and robust customer knowledge management architecture in order to ensure stakeholders value maximization, increased profitability and overall performance.

 
 
Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura in Pregnancy *
 
Published at Journal of American Academic Research  (JAAR)

Dr Khalid Ali  MBBS, MD, Arab board, MRCPI, MRCS, MRCOG
HSE, St Luke's General Hospital Kilkenny, Ireland 
Dr Khurram Khan MBBS, MRCPI, FCPS 
HSE, St Luke's General Hospital Kilkenny, Ireland 
Dr Vijayashree Hiremath MBBS  , FRCOG. 
Senior Consultant and Clinical Lead Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department, Ireland 

 Abstract

Introduction: 
Women age childbearing age commonly suffer from idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura with maternal and fetal morbidities. A multidisciplinary team of obstetricians and pediatricians should share in management for a better outcome. 
Case presentation: 
A 26 years GV1 Para1 +4 with four first trimester miscarriages presented to EPAU with abdominal pain at seven weeks of gestation, and she received medication and folic acid. However, she presented at 33 weeks GA complained of intermittent and worsening gum bleeding, pruritic petechial rash, bruising without pain, admitted at our hospital due to severe ITP with a platelet count 1x109g/L. She was treated with intravenous steroids and Ig (1 gm/kg body weight) IV, Folate, and Vit B12 supplementation due to depleted levels. She delivered a healthy two babies girl of weight 2.4kg by cesarean section. Postoperatively she was on methylprednisolone, following which a good increment in the platelet count was noticed and then discharged. Four days post-discharge, platelet was 253 x109, and at six weeks postpartum visit platelet count within normal limits and patient started Cerazette.
Conclusion: 
Enhancement of multidisciplinary team leads to a better outcome for the management of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Well-controlled ITP with adequate platelet counts is not a contraindication to vaginal delivery. Early diagnosis is essential for proper treatment and better prognosis.

 

Covid-19 Pandemic: Economic and Health Implications for Nigeria*
Published at Journal of American Academic Research (JAAR)
George Umeji, Lecturer/Ph.D. Scholar
Paul University, Nigeria
Lawrence C. Umeji, Ph.D./ Senior Researcher
Defence Reference Laboratory, Abuja
Charity N. Umeji, Researcher
Department of Clinical Chemical Pathology, Federal Medical Center, Abuja

 Abstract
Measures taken to curtail the spread of the Coronavirus causing the Covid-19 disease included restrictions on traveling. Consequently, economic activities dropped with its attendant effects. This paper examines the economic and health effects of the pandemic on Nigeria. Using descriptive research method of analysis, the paper concluded that Covid-19 has considerably affected the Nigerian economy in the form of reduced productivity, dearth of foreign exchange and death of frontline health workers. The paper recommended diversification of the economy, and constant and proper use of personal protective equipment to ameliorate the effect of the pandemic in the country.

How to Prepare the Historical Personality from Literary Perspective?*
Published at Journal of American Academic Research (JAAR)
Ghassan Ismail Abdel-Khaliq, Ph.D. & Professor
Philadelphia University, Jordan 

Abstract

This research aimed at highlighting the ambiguity in the relation between history and literature, generally. And between history and novel in particular; that by highlighting the problematic questions which surround this relation, and working as much as possible to suggest some answers. In the interest of the researcher to combine theory and practice; he featured how the historical personality of Muawiyah Bin Abi Sufyan can be reconstructed from a literary perspective. Specifically, through what he called (personality preparing); that is, an adequate extrapolation of historical sources and reformulation of what is read in literary language, with necessity to pay attention to the character, event and narration techniques to prepare the final dramatic literary formulation of the historical figure.

The Effectiveness of a Program Based on the Realistic Theory to Reduce Emotional Agitation and Develop Psychologically Compatibility Among Qassim University Students*
Published at American Journal of Higher Education (AJHE)
Ali Abdulrahman Alshehri, Ph.D. Scholar
Ministry of Education, Saudi Arabia
Hadi Mohammed Alkhathami, Ph.D. Scholar
Ministry of Education, Saudi Arabia
Abstract

The study aimed to identify the effect of a program based on realistic theory in reducing emotional agitation and developing psychological compatibility among students of Qassim University. The study sample consisted of two groups (control, 30 students, and experimental 30 students). The researchers used the quasi-experimental approach, and the results concluded that there are apparent differences between the mean of the two post applications of each of the experimental and control groups according to the three factors of emotional agitation (the image of emotional agitation factor, the factor of behaviors associated with emotional agitation, a factor of reactions associated with emotional agitation). The differences were in favor of the control group. The results of the study also showed that there are apparent differences between the mean of the two post-application of each of the experimental and control groups in the psychological compatibility of the sample members, and the differences were in favor of the experimental group. This means that training sessions according to a program based on realistic theory were more effective in developing the psychological compatibility of the sample members. 

The Effectiveness of Counseling Program in Improving the Level of Academic Adaptation at the University of Hail Students*
Published at American Journal of Higher Education (AJHE) 
SALAMAH MNAWER F. ALSHAMMARI, Ph.D. Scholar
Ministry of Education, Saudi Arabia
Abstract

The study aimed to identify the effectiveness of a training counseling program in improving the level of academic adaptation among students at Hail University. The study sample consisted of (60) students. The sample was divided equally on two control and experimental groups. The students in the experimental group received a training counseling program to reduce stress and improve academic adjustment. The program consisted of (12) sessions, at a rate of two sessions per week, for a period of (60 - 90) minutes. The results concluded that there were statistically significant differences in reducing psychological stress and improving the level of academic adaptation among the experimental group students. 

Effects of Incest-control Compounds on the Systematically Increasing in Crop Production Against Desert Locust 
Published at American Academic Journal of Agriculture (AAJA)
Muhammad Aziz, Ph.D. Scholar
Sindh Agriculture University, Pakistan
Abstract

Desert Locust, according to Schistocerca gregaria (Magora, Lecoqb & Hunter, 2008) is a famous agricultural pest that causes severe damage to crops and leads to economic losses in different agricultural stages. In recent years, agricultural practitioners realized the importance of locust prevention and control to avoid or at least decrease the harmful environmental effects and the damage to organic cop production. As a result, the desert locust control becomes an emergent necessity to improve the overall grain production in the fields. According to Magora, Lecoqb & Hunter (2008), the success deploy of preventive control could possibly be realized in a systematic way by comparing population size, location, fields quality, locust distribution and acid level before and after the strategy was carried out by employing effective control tools and techniques. The research result found that in order to effectively control the severe influence of desert locust, one to two years’ research and preparation should become a routine work by agricultural practitioners. The research result also revealed that the combination of new-chemistry insecticides could be used as an effective measure and also could be an important factor for the integrated pest management of locust.  *

Globalization, New Managerialism, and Global Disturbance: The Changing Academic Climate in the Multiple Dimensions of World’s Higher Education
Published at American Journal of Higher Education (AJHE) 
Natal Wolhuter, Research Scholar
Flensburg University of Applied Sciences, Germany
Abstract

In view of the trends in global higher education, Altbach, Reisberg, Liz (2019) pointed out that providing higher education to all aspects for a country’s general population means confronting social inequalities completely rooted in history, culture, social and economic structure which may influence each individual to compete in society. By investigating the changing nature of the academic profession in contemporary society, the researcher narrowed down the research scope of this particular article to globalization, new managerialism, and global disturbance: the changing academic climate in the dynamic dimension of world’s higher education. First of all, the researcher globalization, new managerialism, and global disturbance by citing extensive references and self-interpretation. Second, the author reviewed the basic literature in the recent educational field and illustrated how to improve the cognitive recognition of the basic concepts mentioned. By comparing the two distinctive schools of academic assertions, the author skillfully left the research questions for readers to doubt, dispute, reflect, summarize and conclude. It is envisioned by the author that in the future comparative work on trends in higher education, researchers should take particular attention on both the practical aspects and the methodological aspect based on extensive research and deduction.  *

Application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) Among Healthcare Workers: A Transformative and Fundamental Technology in the Medical Field
Published at American Journal of Computer Sciences (AJCS)
Takashi Suzuki, Ph.D. & Researcher
Kansai University, Japan
Abstract

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the similarity of human intelligence that is processed by some systems. In Schönberger (2019), AI was perceived as the most transformative and fundamental technology in the 21st century. Even in the medical field, AI gradually gained momentum and started to lead the trend of gradually changing the infrastructure of medical practices. With the practical nature of Artificial Intelligence (AI) as well as Machine learning, deep learning, and image processing work in the field of medical imaging, AI will totally change our perspective in healthcare work and it will definitely benefit the real life of healthcare. As we can also witness from the current society in the modern era that in every aspect of medical fields, medical practitioners are employing advanced AI technology to take care of patients, make medical decisions for patients and family members.  With the fast development of AI technology in the medical field, healthcare work will embrace a prosperous and fruitful future.  *

Effects of Biochemically Triggered Heat Stress (BTHS) on Crop Plants: A Futuristic Perspective
Published at American Academic Journal of Agriculture (AAJA)
 
Amal Ali, Ph.D. Scholar
University of Karachi, Pakistan
Abstract

Extensive Heat Stress (EHS) is defined as an important environmental stress which confines plant growth, development, metabolism, fruition, and productivity on the worldwide scale (Hasanuzzaman & Nahar, 2013). Plant growth development and productivity actually concerns countless biochemical interaction and reactions that are sensitive to temperature. Gradually rising environmental temperature is the key component for environmental control, which is in advance of most perilous abiotic stress. Nanotechnology, viewing the agricultural sectors, have captured intensive research efforts because of their distinctive properties and numerous applications. A field trial was performed to evaluate the effect of HHS levels on growth, yield and quality of crop under heat stress. The plant measurements were made for heat induced changes on osmolytes accumulation, lipid peroxidation, oxidative stress and antioxidative response, seed nutrient and yield attributes at flowering stage. Among all sowing dates, the crop which was sown on March 7, 2018 (First sowing date), statistically performed better than other sowing dates although foliar application of 20 ppm zinc oxide nanoparticles ameliorate mungbean performance under both, no heat and heat induced environments.  *

Constructive Analysis of Ideology and Discourse: A Critical Review of News Coverage and Ratings
Published at Journal of American Academic Research (JAAR)
 
Richard Garcia, Ph. D. & Lecturer
Montana State University, USA

Abstract

According to TEUN (2007), contrary to most traditional descriptive methods, ideologies are hereby defined within a multidisciplinary framework which unites social, cognitive and discursive sub-components. The current study shaded a critical look at the news reports of the Saudi Arabia. Previous research has focused on media ratings which pays to ideology and public opinion. However, it also has been described how changing in media discourse affects the process. This study analyzed the 20 news reports originated from Saudi Arabia using the method of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA). The results show that the differences in the reports using variation patterns which in turn possess the potential of changing and monitoring readers` ideologies and thinking patterns via influencing their opinions and world view on the nature of power relations and interactional activities. The current research tries to contribute to the area of research on media discourse and ideology construction by arguing that discourse variation has not been sufficiently defined and interpreted. An effort will also be made to offer tentative resorts of such dynamic variation.  *

Comprehensive Effects of Biochar Application: A Sustainable and Holistic Method to Achieve the Increase of Crop Production 
Published at American Academic Journal of Agriculture (AAJA)
Joseph Moore, Ph.D. & Assistant Professor
University of Exeter, UK
Abstract

The current research focused on the comprehensive effects of Biochar application and how to achieve sustainable increase in the production of agricultural crop production. From previous research, we can see that maltreatment of inorganic fertilizers has become non -sustainable or increasingly not affordable in many areas of agricultural practice around the world due to loss of soil erosion, soil fertility, and increased fertilizer cost. Furthermore, fertilizers which are chemical in nature also polluting soil, water and air and pose many toxic products in living communities. Since the increasing fertilizer cost and urban sprawl, which quickly decrease the agricultural farm and quality of soilj, an alternative method was required to achieve sustainability in agricultural crop production. Biochar is this kind of alternative and well-recognized method by scientists because of its major role in carbon sequestration, decreasing the emissions of greenhouse gases, waste management, renewable sources of energy and a rich source of nutrients as an amendment in soil. Studies in this research demonstrated that Biochar was a reliable and porous solid charcoal-similar material, with rich carbon obtained from the pyrolysis of various organic material e.g., farm and forest and chicken litter. The current critical review summarizes about biochar production through comparison, application and influence on soil physicochemical properties, as well as interaction with the soil microorganisms, the key role in the soil after amendment with mobilizing bacteria, effects in the reduction in greenhouse gases and metal contamination and its positive and negative impacts on plant growth and yield attribute when biochar was operated in the soil.  *

Effectiveness of Mass Communication in Changing Human Behavior: The Impact and Result of Strategical Analysis of SNSs Application on Social Events
Published at American Journal of Human Resource Management (AJHRM)
Charles Davis, Ph.D. Scholar
Robert Gordon University, UK
Abstract

This paper aims at finding out the effectiveness of mass communication in changing human behavior and how SNSs Application could possibly strategically change the social events. The researcher started the article by summarizing the current category of SNSs and reviewing the current controversies of SNSs application. Then based on the literature review and data analysis, the researchers posted challenging questions about misconduct of social networking tools in the field of mass communication. One of the unsolved problems remains on how to define mass media and mass communication in the 21st century with rich tech and artificial intelligence. And how to encourage the community to get involved in communications planning, disseminating communication information and achieving the goal of mass communications.  *

Considerations for Home and Community-Based  COVID-19 Pandemic: The Undiscovered Consequences Among Iranian Startups
Published at American Journal of Health Science (AJHS)
Robert Johnson, Ph.D.
University of Richmond, USA

Abstract 

Due to the allocation of health resources and services, it is commonly believed that community-based protection and prevention is very effective to cut off Covid-19 transmission at the beginning stage. Recent years, the COVID-19 abrupt outbreak has become a major concern with substantial effects on markets, and the world economy. The impact of COVID-19 is assessed to be even more than all the previous global pandemic. In this short-term, due to the impacts of this pandemic, startups are more prone to fail or succeed faster than ever before; however, the challenges they face are not yet clearly scrutinized, as the pandemic was faster than scholars. This study therefore investigates the main challenges of Iranian startups by interviewing the co-founders of fifteen well-known startups. The two-step coding was used to analyze findings and these findings were explained in a focus group session to which startup co-founders, policymakers, and scholars were invited. It was concluded, six principal types of challenges are major concern by this pandemic, including, human resources management, support measures financial and marketing, mechanisms, crisis management, and few others. The research will have great impact and influence on alleviating the current emergent situation.  *

Education, Knowledge and Economy in the Triangle of Recent Urban Development: The Case for New Entrepreneurs under Constraints of Neoliberalism and Higher Education Matrix 
 
Published at American Journal of Higher Education (AJHE)
Rosemary Williams, Ph.D. and Instructor
Mount Saint Vincent University, Canada
 
Michael Brown, Ph.D.
Mount Saint Vincent University, Canada

Abstract 

Education opportunity is considered to be one of the most valuable factors in the economic development and employee retain rate. This particular research will demonstrate how the co-effect of education, knowledge and economy will influence recent urban development. The domination of neoliberalism and the connected discourses of new public management during the 1990s to 2000s has introduced a fundamental uplift in the way of higher education in universities and other institutions. Each has defined and justified their institutional existence. The old professional culture of intellectual enquiry and examination has been replaced with institutional new performativity, as evidenced by the emergence of an emphasis on measured outputs: on planned development, student performance, quality assurance measures and academic credit and audits. This paper identified the links between neoliberalism and globalization as well as neoliberalism and the knowledge economy. According to it, in a global neoliberal environment, the role of higher education in economic development is governed by governments as having greater importance to the extent that higher education has become the new star ship in the policy fleet for governments around the world. Universities are the basic driver for economic knowledge and as a consequence higher education institutions have been encouraged to develop links with industry. The recognition of the economic importance of higher education for economic viability is necessary to promote greater entrepreneurial skills and develop the new performative measures to enhance output to achieve targets. This paper attempts to document these trends at the level of both political philosophy and economic theory. The author believes that the research result will give the light in the research of education, economy and urban development.  *

Increasing Optimal Efficiency of Crop Production under the Negative Influence of Global Greenhouse Effect
 
Published at American Academic Journal of Agriculture (AAJA)
Bradley Smith, Ph.D. & Assistant Professor
Pepperdine University, USA
Abstract

The Green Revolution in 1960s enabled a sharp increase of the production of major staple grain crops (wheat, corn, rice, etc) to solve the ever-increasing demands of an increasing global population growing with geometric numbers. This article focused on how to increase the optimal efficiency of crop production under the impact of global greenhouse effect. We understand that the climate change effects have advanced in the past decade, there are still gaps in knowledge regarding the potential impacts of climate change on agriculture. These gaps are especially wide when it comes to specialized cultivation systems such as those of fruit and vegetable, which globally provide a high contribution to the human diet. To fill these gaps, we need a multifaceted approach that integrates physiology and genomics tools and might thus provide comprehensive answers, aiming at future needs. The increase in atmospheric CO2 is one of the main drivers of the climate changes and the increase of the global temperature. The CO2 molecule is also an essential nutrient for plants and increases in its concentration in the atmosphere have the potential to improve plant productivity (Leisner, 2020). However, optimizing the repose of plants to the increase in CO2 is a challenge due to its  complex interaction with the regulation of stomata, transpiration and the efficiency of water use, issues discussed in detail in open stomata  agriculture by Fara et al. 2019. The cultivation of crops with high productive potential and with greater resilience to biotic and abiotic stresses is seen as one of the methods with the greatest potential for obtaining higher yields, reducing the use of pesticides and without increasing the cultivated areas. Advances in genomics revolutionized and accelerated plant breeding. This will continue as costs decrease and more advanced methods are developed and applied. This was discussed by Gomes et al. 2020, in the characterization of a germplasm bank of Cucurbita moschata D. where they described the genetic relationships of agro-morphological characteristics, with the purpose of identifying early flowering genotypes, genotypes with high total levels of carotenoids in the fruit pulp and those with high potential for seed productivity and seed oil. There is an urgent need to support resilient and sustainable agriculture and the path is implementing cultivation practices and identifying new genes for agriculture. These genes should be directed to the optimization of production, mainly for the development of characteristics such as greater efficiency in the use of water, aspect fundamental in the current scenario, aiming at greater productive efficiency, less energy input and less risks to the environment.  *

Positive and Negative Benefits of Flaxseed as an Organic Food Source During the Period of Sustainable and Strategic Development
 
Published at American Academic Journal of Agriculture (AAJA)
Süleyman Özberk, Ph. D. and Lecturer
Cukurova University, Turkey
Abstract

Flaxseed was cultivated in Babylon in around many centuries ago and many people consider it as one of the most powerful plant foods on the planet (Magee, 2020). When Traced back to history, we can also realize that flaxseed can be used to treat diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, stroke and all kinds of cancer. The application of flaxseed was highlighted by scientists and medical workers for many centuries. However, the valuable effects of flaxseed was always underestimated to a large degree, and even people who are working in the specific field can not cognitively associate the benefits of flaxseed with the treatment of certain disease. Thus, the waste of flaxseed was unnoticed when it comes over-consumption and non-effective consumption. This article will enumerate both the positive side and the negative side of flaxseed which will benefits sustainable development as an organic food source. After a systematic comparison and analysis, the conclusion was drawn naturally with statistic analysis and logic induction as scientific collaboration.  *

Collaborative Group Tasks, Problem Solving, and Social Interaction under the Environment of Computer-aided Intelligent Learning Environment
 
Published at American Journal of Computer Sciences (AJCS)
Robin Bachman, Ph.D. Scholar
Stevens Institute of Technology, USA
Abstract

Learning through computer-aided inquiry was considered as an important breakthrough in teaching and learning history as it substantially improved the frequency of social interaction, cognitive thinking and learning achievements. According to Dillenbourg, P., Järvelä, S., & Fischer, F. (2009), the collaboration among peers can be “pre-designed” with specific purpose of improving learner ability and learning effectiveness in a specific field of acquisition. In addition, it can facilitate affective, social, emotional and motivational ability with the aid of purposeful scenarios and online interaction. The researcher did the experiment in a remote US university with 100 learners in the control group and 100 learners in the experimental group. The test result surprised all test takers and organizers with non-effects related predictive results. The current research focused on the observation and analysis of collaborative group task, problem solving, and social interaction under the environment of computer-aided and intelligent Learning environment. The research result will be beneficial to scholars all over the world who has a particular interest in discovering how computer-aided learning environment on collaborative group task, problem solving, and learning improvement.  *

Comparing Obesity in Urban and Rural Area Based on Demographic Factors and How Obesity Negatively Influence People’s Life Quality and Educational Level
Published at American Journal in Health Science (AJHS)
Chukwunonso Ogbeide, Ph.D. Scholar & Lecturer
University of Benin. Nigeria
Abstract

According to recent research done by Zibima, S. B., Wasini, K. B., & Oniso, J. I. (2020), obesity is dramatically increasing year by year and it was consider one of the most severe life-threatening fatal diseases globally by the end of 2020. The fact is that obesity itself may not be dangerous, but the complications related to obesity can be deadly or fatal in a great extent. Though many researchers have had extensive research in this field, only a few compared the scientific data from unban area with which from the suburban area. The goal of this research is first, to employ scientific data, research, and analysis with the goal of raising public awareness for people who are within the high-risk group and try to rescue them by informing them of the basic knowledge of obesity’s origin, prevention, danger, threatening, and treatment. Second, the realistic purpose for this research is comparing obesity in urban and rural area based on demographic factors and how obesity negatively influence people’s life quality and educational level. A questionnaire was obtained from 200 attendees and Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for the scientific analysis of the data. The research results confirmed the doubts and anxiety of the severely negative influence of obesity on educational achievements, human life quality, life expectancy at present and in the future.  *

Contemporary Research on Synthesis Methods of Metal-organic Frameworks (MOFs)
Published at American Journal of Chemical Science (AJCS)
Shawna Pochipinski, Ph. D. & Lecturer
University of Abuja, Nigeria
 
Abdulkadir Bamisaye, Ph. D. & Assistant Professor
Abia State University, Nigeria

Abstract

Recent years, the research on Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are countless yet no previous research focused on MOF on the basis that they are a class of hybrid network of supramolecular solid materials composed of organized organic linkers and metal cations. This research paper displayed enormously high surface areas with tunable pore size and fitful functionality, and it can be applied to the hosts for a range of guest molecules. After the thorough discovery research, MOFs have experienced widespread exploration for their applications in gas storage, drug delivery and sensing. An ultimate goal of the current research is to better understand the two-sided effects of MOF membranes and the research result showed significant positive proofs. The preliminary conclusion is that MOFs can be regarded as a reusable merging of solid acids and organic polymers in the area of construction and industrial foundation. This article synthesized the functionality of MOFs with unique perspective and the research implications are of great importance in further discovering and advancing the practical development of chemical science. *

Physical , Cellular, Psychological and Holistic Treatment of Clinical Disease Caused by Immune Deficiency Syndrome (IDS)
Published at American Journal of Medical Sciences (AJMS)
Sara Johnson, Ph.D. & Lecturer
Cleveland State University, USA
 
Abstract

Previous research only focused on how the disease was diagnosed and how the treatment was employed, but this particular research focused on the physical, cellular, psychological, and holistic treatment of clinical disease caused by immune deficiency syndrome (IDS). As we all know that the immune system protects the body from germs, disease, or other life-threatening problems. However, at a certain period of time, the immune system is lack or gets off track and thus has a weaker or powerless response to all threats to humans. The low performance or low reaction with less activity was called immune deficiency and it makes people unable to response or fight off infections.

The severe result of immune deficiency lead to illness, or even life loss. Some scientists also call this immune deficiency disorder in order to distinct this concept with other similar ones. Primary immunodeficiency (2020) indicated that many people with primary immune deficiency syndrome (IDS) have demonstrated an inborn deficiency or a lifetime missing of some of the body's immune defenses shield or with the immune system not working efficiently. As a result, these people are more susceptible to germs that can cause infections and fatal diseases. Through quasi experimental research, this research coincided with presumptions from previous researchers and it will contribute to the further development of IDD research in the new era.  *

Understanding Our Mind Through Guidance: How Philosophy Enables Us to Perceive the World and Master Human Mind
Published at American Journal of Philosophy Quarterly (AJPQ)
Keith Jardine, Ph.D. & Assistant Professor
University of Central Missouri, USA
 
Carlos Knoll, Ph.D. Scholar
University of Central Missouri, USA
Abstract

The current research is understanding our mind: how philosophy enables us to perceive the world and master human mind. As we all know, designing a study about the thinking pattern to investigate how minds work while thinking is the mind in conversation with itself. The central model stated that the mind is the core mode of self-interrogation in psychotherapy and psychology built on philosophical precepts. Both Socratic dialogue and stoicism are evident in the principles of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT). CBT and especially REBT instruct people to examine and dispute their beliefs and thus to tolerate unpleasant feelings—shades of Epictetus. The connection is bidirectional: The most perplexed evidence showed that people's psychological positions on philosophical questions in the center of the free-will existence are significantly influenced by their individual temperament and personality rather than cognitive ability. Future research will explore related philosophical questions which remain for human beings to further discover. *

From Western Culture to Eastern Culture: A Dialogic Perspective on the Holistic Overview of Chinese Culture and American Culture
Published at Journal of American Academic Research (JAAR)
Wenbin Xue, Ph. D. & Lecturer
China University of Mining & Technology, China
Abstract

Due to globalization, the clear-cut contrast between Chinese culture and American culture was blurred through constant cultural dialogue and interaction. Culture is complex and multidimensional. It is in fact too complex to define a certain culture in simple terms and rough definition. Kroeber and Kluckhohn in 1952 identified over 160 different definitions of culture. One of the earliest widely cited definitions by Tylor in 1887 defines culture as “that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by human as a member of society.” With a dialogic perspective, this article investigated the differences and common features between western culture and eastern culture by observing the holistic overview of specific culture in China and in America. The research result confirms our hypothesis. The research also suggested that people in modern era should view distinct culture with more tolerance, appreciation and respect. New culture should be redefined with respect to historical facts, linguistic uniqueness and differences in customs.  *

Research Review: Practical Research on Applications of MOFs for Gas Storage
 
Published at American Journal of Chemical Science (AJCS)
Jack Willough, Ph. D. & Director of Research
University of New Orleans, USA
 
Nancy Evans, Ph. D. & Lecturer
University of New Orleans, USA
Abstract

Recent years, research on MOF application showed positive tendency in MOF effects on gas storage. However, current researchers conducted a serious investigation and found the previous research had obvious flaws in over-generalization. Several options are available for storing gases effectively, but these mostly require high-pressure tanks and multistage compressors. Such methods are highly expensive for practical uses and there is a need for them to be substituted by simple and less expensive solutions. In an attempt to overcome these issues and to find safer storage methods, several materials, like zeolites or activated porous carbons, have been studied for gas storage. However, MOFs have outperformed most of these traditional materials in terms of gas storage, separation and industrial application. Easy synthetic procedures, high surface area, wide opportunities for functionalization and tunable pore structures make MOFs preferable compared with other porous materials. This article reviews studies of storage applications for important gases like H2, CO2, CH4, CO, NO, hydrocarbons etc. within MOFs, with a brief description of the factors responsible for effective storage. The current researcher hopes that this research result could be reevaluated and reinstated in order to avoid practical losses. *

Applied Linguistics Revisited: Can University Students Improve English Language Skills in a “Hybrid-Method-Setting” in a Remote Area in Mainland China
 
Published at American Journal of Applied Linguistics (AJAL)
Xiaobin Zhang, Ph. D. & Associate Professor
Shanxi Normal University, China
Abstract

The current research on applied linguistics provided us a new perspective on language acquisition and this research will solve the research question: Can University Students Improve English Language Skills in a “Hybrid-Method-Setting” in a Remote Area in Mainland China? We selected 100 students from English linguistics major class and trained them through different techniques in the classroom. Teachers give them training materials and specific instruction in learning and performances. Then instructors gave insightful suggestions for English-as-a-second-language learners (ESLs) on how to improve their English language skills from the perspective of applied linguistics and cognitive linguistics; The research yielded constructive result which has far-reaching impact on English teaching and learning activities with meaningful findings, First result revealed that students should be mentally prepared to engage in practical exercises and be ready to active participation in the classroom. Second, students should often attend specific seminar and question answer session to obtain the expected level of language skills during the process of language application. In addition, authentic motivation, deep interest and collaboration are also key factors which positively influence the final achievement of language acquisition. *

Practice Guideline of Patient Treatment under Protection of Scientific Interventions ---A Tentative Assumption of Medical Research
Ali Flores, Ph.D. & Lecturer
Future University in Egypt, Egypt    
 
Raymond Nelson, Ph.D. & Assistant Professor
Adelphi University, USA
Abstract

Recent years of research in patient intervention treatment has made great breakthrough and the study in this field also shifted from theoretical hypothesis to practical treatment process. This specific study will introduce the practical guideline of patient treatment process and result under the protection of scientific intervention to ensure the safety and security of the progress of the practice. With examples, research survey, the author also revealed the possible direction of future medical research and the research findings and implications were also discussed. *

Contributing Factors in Determining Balance Between Job Opportunities, Job Employment and Job Satisfaction in European Countries 
Craig Henderson , Ph.D. & Assistant Professor
University of Houston, USA
Abstract

Nowadays, due to the harsh competition in job market, job opportunities declines year by year. Even if people were employed, the benefits for job and the satisfaction in job decrease. How to balance between Job opportunities, job employment and job satisfaction in European countries remains critical changes to be reasonably resolved. This research aims to discover contributing factors in determining balance between job opportunities, job employment and job satisfaction in European countries and the implication was also disclosed at the end of the article.  *

The Critical Perspectives in Efficiently Managing and Evaluating Corporate Employee Conducts, Operation Risks and Policy Optimization with the Help of Practical Real-world Examples, Empirical Research Result and Employees' Cooperation 
Vincent Griffin, Ph.D. & Assistant Professor 
Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada
Abstract

In recent years, research on assessing employee behavior, operational risk, and policy optimization has gradually increased. But how to use the practical real-world examples, the experience of research results and the cooperation of employees, as three effective means, effectively manage and evaluate the risk of employee behavior, operation and policy optimization is comparatively rare. This research article combines real-life examples and empirical survey methods to achieve optimal management and evaluation on the corporate employee behavior, operational risk and policy optimization so that the company's employees' work capacity improves, behavior standardized, and product quality promoted.  This research will serve as an inspirational guide for the future development and prosperity of modern enterprises. *