Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2017 

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Highlights on The History and the Prospects of Translation in Madagascar
Andriantsimahavandy Mino, Ph.D. & French lecturer
Xi’an International Studies University, China
Abstract

Extant studies bear no significant empirical research effort on the potency of sales promotional mix on enterprise performance and profitability. The marketing communication sales promotional mix element has become essential in any business’s life, be it small, medium, or large. Though not yet empirically-supported, sales promotional-mix links with the contraction and expansion of start-up and new venture creations. This study’s anchor investigates the direct impact of sales promotional mix on enterprise performance and its profitability, using a well-developed measurement and structural models to explore this inherent literature gap. Using a scientific approach, adopt primary and secondary data, formulate hypotheses, literature review, adopted questionnaire, 208 sample size, stratified random sampling, and PLS-SEM analytical methods. The study revealed that advertising sales promotion, personal selling, sales promotion, pricing sales promotion, and publicity sales promotion are positively and significantly related to enterprise performance and profitability. And the researcher recommends that the five sales promotional mix be adopted in the nation’s national strategic policy to secure and sustain individual and national economic advantage in a competitive production enterprise environment.

Remittance for Economic Growth for Developing Country–in Case of Nepal
 
Deelip Raj Pandey
Chonbuk National University, Korea
Ji Young Jeong, Professor
Chonbuk National University, Korea
Abstract

After the World War II the kind of thought that drag the earth is common place for all the living creature and have to see as world scale has been developing. This thought really matter in every aspects of the nation either business or trade, export or import. In another word world has enter into liberalization stage. In this new era of the word foreign employment has been increased in tremendous way. Labor of one country are movie to another in search of job and his career. When it comes the developing nations the figure might be more in term migrant workers and remittance is one of important part of their GDP.. Remittances remain a key source of external resource flows for developing countries, far exceeding official development assistance and more stable than private debt and portfolio equity flows. For many developing countries, remittances are an important source of foreign exchange, surpassing earnings from major exports, and covering a substantial portion of imports.

By the end of 2016, Nepal south Asian country became the one the most labor exporting country with holding around 30% of GDP by remittance. Which clearly shows that remittance is playing very vital role for the economic balance of Nepal. As we know that Nepal is least develop country still it is struggling to get appropriate economic grow for nations development. Many people across the world are guessing that remittance could be the mile stone for getting its desirable economic growth. According to the foreign employment department of Nepal there were around 512000 labors were exported in 2015/16 with the remittance of Rs66 billions. Nepal became one most remittance receiving country across the world and it really help to improve the life standard of people by rubbing the poverty from the millions of people of Nepal. Having said this but the economic growth has not been improving as it is needed because most portion of the remittance are just spending on nonproductive area and consumption. Remittance cannot able to create the jobs that can help not only individuals but also the nation.

In this piece of research titling the: “The Strategic Polices of Remittance for the Economics Growth –in case of Nepal” I have tried to find out the trend of remittances income in Nepal is shown by calculating the share of remittances in the GDP as a percent of GDP. Bar diagram is also shown in order to illustrate the trend of remittance income in Nepal with the analysis of secondary and primary data.

Tax Amnesty in Indonesia 2016
 
Guohua Wang, Professor
Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China

Nugroho Suryo Bintoro, Ph.D. Scholar
Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China
Abstract

The implementation of tax amnesty policy in Indonesia 2016/2017 tries to withdraw funds owned by Indonesian citizens which is undeclared especially those kept abroad. When looking at data published by various institutions it would seem that the funds owned by Indonesia citizens (primarily) stored overseas are enormous. This study tries to find out how the effectiveness of tax amnesty policy and the impact that will arise from the application of the policy utilize the method of literature study with descriptive approach. Through this research, it is known that the realization of tax amnesty in Indonesia in 2016/2017 is not fully successful considering the achievement of offshore assets declared with and without repatriation that exceeds the target (118.45 percent) and the achievement of penalty from tax amnesty which is more than 50 percent (69.09 percent). However, in terms of offshore assets repatriated, the government is only able to reach 14.70 percent of the target set and this program is not much followed by the people of Indonesia. As a follow-up to the lack of achievement of the target, the government wants to "pursue" dishonest parties in the amnesty tax program. This has a negative impact on people's perceptions of the government (level of trust).

Agricultural Communication Methods and Related Constraints in Syria
Ali Yousef, Ph.D. Scholar
Huazhong Agricultural University, China
Liu Peng Cheng, Ph.D. & Associate Professor
Huazhong Agricultural University, China
Abstract

Communication methods or teaching methods are the medium used to disseminate knowledge to rural community through extension body. Typically we have three kinds of communication methods mass, group and individual ones. With the revolution in internet applications supported by sufficient advances in information and communication technologies and infrastructure represented by websites and smart-phones applications and software the hybrid media became an essential part of our daily life in both urban and rural regions.

Hence, it is vital to conceive how the traditional methods are utilized by the extension staff to find proper ways to improve it within the available opportunities offered by internet and its wide range of services that overcome both geographic, linguistics and time barriers.

Thus, this part is focusing on the real field experience of extension officers in terms of level of usage and importance of the available and used methods side by side with constraints they face in daily tasks based on real experience.

Agricultural Extension in Syria and the New Trends in Global Economy
Ali Yousef, Ph.D. Scholar
Huazhong Agricultural University, China
Liu Peng Cheng, Ph.D. & Associate Professor
Huazhong Agricultural University, China
Abstract: 

We are living in a rapidly changing world and this has been achieved as a direct result of the globalized world economy. Globalization is a fact and needs structural changes in the approaches implemented through the national policies especially for the developing nations such as my country Syria. Globalization achieved a huge control over the process on any national development by means of advanced transportation infrastructure and well developed information and communication technologies (ICTs). ICTs are the pillar of globalization and the main tool to facilitate other adjustments required to boost the efficiency of national economies and those adjustments are represented by privatization and pluralism which both lead to decentralization and reform of the national economy as a whole.

The key factor to assure the success of this complicated and vital process is by investing heavily in the development of the national human resources or what is called the human capital.

Hence, this part is shedding the light on how the extension officers understand those trends and the fears or questionable views they have about it to better understand how we could design and implement promising programs to empower the rural communities.

Review of Communication Models
Ali Yousef, Ph.D. Scholar
Huazhong Agricultural University, China
Liu Peng Cheng, Ph.D. & Associate Professor
Huazhong Agricultural University, China
Abstract: 

Communication is a vital part of our life as human beings. Also it is important for other living creatures because it is the only way to live together in the same environment with limited resources harmonically. Communication basically is a human function but with the technological advances, the whole process becomes more complicated and also becomes possible for machines. As a result new communication terms emerged and mainstreamed such as Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) and smart devices such as smartphones and autonomous driving which all reflect new concepts in communication field.

As a result, it is important to reconsider the available models in order to make the communication process more refined and fulfilling for all kinds of needs. This review paper is spotting light on the current models and provides an expanded model based on ongoing PhD. research and provides a better understanding of communication process in general.

Maths Education concerns in Australia and Elsewhere 
Karim Noura 
Melbourne Polytechnic, Australia 
Abstract: 

“In this paper, I will put a bit of light on some concerns on the Maths education, based on my observations and professional conversations with teachers, students and parents in few countries in the middle East in comparing with Australian education and curriculum and some other counties in the world. I would like also, try to answer the following question: What should be done to improve teachers’ performance and students’ motivation and engagement? 

Theory  of Cancer Therapy Using of Proton Magnetic Spin Resonance
Khalid Salman Ibraheim, Ph.D. & Professor of Physics
Abstract: 

Every atom either small or large and in everywhere has exactly the same components, but they are different in their mathematical description. The element of single substance cannot be split by chemical means into any think simple; for example, carbon(C), nitrogen(N), sodium(Na). Elements are made up of many tiny identical particles .These identical particles are called atoms. An atom can be described as the smallest particle into which an element can be divided, while still retaining the properties of that element. Thus, the element carbon is composed entirely of Carbon atoms and so on. Atoms consist of smaller units known as sub­ atomic particles. There are three main types of sub-atomic particles, known as electrons, protons, and neutrons .

       The  physical  concepts  of  spin  and  parity  of  protons  have  been  used  to present the new theory of the cause and therapy procedure of cancer disease. If collapse happened in proton charges the spin, parity, and the angular momentum will not be conserved any more. Afterwards, the human cell will to growth as cancerous turn out to tumor within time.

A Critical Analysis of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act of Uganda
Shadat Ssemakula Mutyab Mohmeded, Ph.D. & Associate Dean
Gulu University, Uganda
Abstract: 

International arbitration is based upon the parties ‘consent and not surprisingly the arbitration agreement is considered by leading commentators to be the foundation stone of international arbitration. Arbitration is a consensual process based the doctrine of party autonomy. It’s a truism of arbitration law that arbitration is a creature of party choice.  This feature reinforces the contractual basis of arbitration and is reflected in the vasty majority of international conventions, national laws and institutional laws; therefore party autonomy is considered one of the most doctrines in international arbitration. Since parties agree that all current “compromis” and future “clause compromissoire” disputes should be solved through arbitral proceedings, there is no reason as to why all provisional measures emanating from arbitration agreement should not be granted by a competent arbitration tribunal. It should however, be noted that this is not always the case. Although party autonomy is the bible in arbitral proceedings, it has limitations. This article examines the Arbitration and Conciliation Act of Uganda, in support of the role played by doctrine of party autonomy in granting arbitral measures with a view of providing recommendations and reform where there gaps in the Arbitration and Conciliation Act of Uganda. The main focus of this article is that the jurisdiction of the tribunal in Uganda should be given unlimited jurisdiction in granting interim measures during arbitral proceedings, and that courts should not intervene unless called upon for support.

Crime Preventers a Tool for Social Cohesion in Community Policing of Uganda
Shadat Ssemakula Mutyab Mohmeded, Ph.D. & Associate Dean
Gulu University, Uganda
Abstract: 

Crime preventers remains the most divisive subject matter particularly between the current government of Uganda and political opposition groups; mainly FDC, DP, CP, JPAM who referred to crime preventers as “militia force” for genocide.  At the heart of this matter is the issue of contested human rights abuses and recruitment procedures.  There is little research on the subject “Crime Preventers”   as a result many have misinterpreted it as an abuse of human rights.   However, the issue of crime preventers is also supported by criminologist theories as   a protection of human rights. The article shows that crime preventers is an historical colonial establishment in post colonial countries, and that current government is modernizing the historical concept to meet the demands of community. This article is designed to alert those engaged in crime prevention policy making, planning that traps and pitfalls exist for the hasty and unwary. It will, furthermore, suggest strategies that may be employed to avoid them.

Investigation of the Chinese English Majors' Intercultural Communication Competence and Countermeasures
--- A Case Study of Beijing Institute of Petro-Chemical Technology
Wang Qi    
Beijing Institute of Petro-Chemical Technology, China
He Yaqin, Associate Professor & Advisor
Beijing Institute of Petro-Chemical Technology, China
Abstract​

The Chinese College Students' intercultural communication competence has attracted more and more attention of the domestic scholars. Based on the definitions of the intercultural communication competence and the research methods of previous researchers, this paper conducted a survey of the intercultural communicative ability of English Majors in Beijing Institute of Petro-chemical Technology. The survey reveals that neither the teachers nor the students pay enough attention to intercultural communication competence. They focus on foreign culture but ignore their own traditional culture. This paper suggests the urgency of teaching reform and presents some strategies for improving the students' intercultural communication competence.

Analysis of the Role of Guanyin Culture of Han Buddhism in Chinese Culture
Meng Qi    
Beijing Institute of Petro-Chemical Technology, China
He Yaqin, Associate Professor & Advisor
Beijing Institute of Petro-Chemical Technology, China
Abstract​

Chinese culture is mainly based on Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism. In these three religions, Buddhism has great influence on Chinese culture during the process of its rooting and spreading in China, though it was widely spread from India. As a representative of the kindness spirit of Buddhism, Guanyin bodhisattva reflects the quintessence of Mahayana Buddhism. In the sinicization of Buddhism, Guanyin culture played a very important role and its significance for Chinese culture is proven by good analysis of the paper.

Since the introduction from India in Sui and Tang Dynasties, Guanyin culture, through mutual communication and integration with Confucianism and Taoism, has shaped a kind of special cultural system. Its spirit of selflessness and altruism is wide spread and so deeply rooted in people’s mind in the form of helping people in distress, with infinite compassion and mercy that the social phenomenon of “Every family knows Guanyin bodhisattva and Amitabha” appeared in Chinese history. Besides, Guanyin culture influences Chinese philosophy, literature, arts and many more areas to improve the development of Chinese culture.

The Effects of Structural Control on Reservoir Properties of the Akani-Field, Coastal
Swamp, Eastern, Niger Delta, Nigeria
 
Tochukwu C Iheaturu, B.Sc Geology
Richmond Uwanemesor Ideozu, Ph.D. & Lecturer
University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Abstract​

This study focuses on the effects of structural control on the reservoir properties of the Akani Field, Coastal Swamp, Eastern Niger Delta. 3D Seismic data has been used to generate the interpreted grid horizons and fault polygons. These horizons were juxtaposed across the reservoirs and used for the fault-seal analysis x-ray its control on cross fault flow and reservoir properties. Petrophysical data generated fault linkages, architecture and property modeling (net to gross, porosity, permeability and volume of shale distribution) using the Sequential Gaussian Simulation on petrel work flow software. The field has a high level of complexity of fault / seals (a major regional fault and 23 faults picked showing soft and minor hard linkages) which controlled the distribution of fault, facies architecture and petrophysical properties across Akani Field. Shale Gouge ratio values and its distribution on the juxtaposition plane determined the control on cross fault flow and the sealing potential of the faults. A hydrocarbon column of 266.6ft identified in Akani 6C sand is controlled by structural and smear spill points prior to capillary failure, and as such suggests strong sealing and ability to withstand formation pressure differentials. Furthermore, hydrocarbon column of 269.5ft and 333.54ft identified in Akani 13C sand with an average thickness of about 301.5ft, is however, believed to be fault independent. Petrophysical results of sand 6C and 13C reservoirs stand out as very good reservoirs with average porosity of 28.5%, average permeability of 2200mD, with good average net to gross (value) and volume of shale distribution (average value). This suggests that the mapped horizons indicate very good hydrocarbon prospect based on RMS amplitude map. This study has demonstrated the effectiveness of 3-D static modeling technique as a tool for better understanding of fault sealing potential under static conditions.