Volume 9, Issue 2, June 2021

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Late-Onset of Leuko-Encephalopathy: Van Der Knaap Syndrome *
Published at American Journal of Medical Sciences (AJMS)
Pritam Majumdar, PhD & Chief of Neuromodulation Therapies
Institute of Brain and Spine Hospital, India
Mohamed Nishad P, M.D & Department of Radiology
Institute of Brain and Spine Hospital, India
Bilge Sari , M.D & Department of Emergency Medicine
Sancaktepe Şehit Prof.Dr. İlhan Varank Training and Research Hospital, Turkey

Abstract

Megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy (MCLE), or Van Der knaap Syndrome, is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. It is mostly characterized by macrocephaly which is either present while birth or develops during infancy. It occurs more commonly in some ethnicities where consanguinity is common. This disease is well demonstrated earlier and it was first described in 1995 with a history of delayed motor milestones in children and MRI findings are also including leukodystrophy and subcortical cysts are the hallmarks of this condition. Here we are presenting a case with this syndrome detected at the age of 65 years, late onset of MLC gene expression which is very rare and in the literature also so far no one has described it on late onset conditions and also we are describing its importance of medical managements in sudden onset outbreak. 

Cognitive and Systematic Review on Searching the Origin and Composition of Life from Synthetic Insulin *
Published at Journal of American Academic Research (JAAR)
Dawei Liu, Senior Researcher
Henan Province, China
English Abstract

Scientists can't help but wonder in the long-term outstanding research: How did life originate? How can matter constitute life? According to the latest scientific research results, contemporary technology has proved that the proteins that make up life are composed of amino acids and small biological molecules. And amino acids and small biological molecules are mainly composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and other elements. The current scientific research problem is how amino acids and small biological molecules constitute proteins. Therefore, to solve the problem of the origin of life is to solve the problem of how to connect the amino acids that constitute life and the small biological molecules to form proteins. 

Chinese Abstract

科学家在长期卓绝的研究中不禁疑问:生命究竟是怎样起源的? 物质又是如何能够构成生命的? 根据最新科研成果,当代科技证明了构成生命的蛋白质是由氨基酸和生物小分子构成的。 并且氨基酸和生物小分子主要由碳、氢、氧、氮等元素构成。 目前面临的科研问题是氨基酸和生物小分子这些物质是如何构成蛋白质的。因此,解决生命起源的问题,是解决构成生命的物质氨基酸和生物小分子之间是如何衔接而构成蛋白质的问题。

The Five-Pointed Star or the Pentagram of Pythagoras *
Published at Journal of American Academic Research (JAAR)
Karim Noura, Researcher
Melbourne Polytechnic University, Australia
Abstract

In this paper, the researcher will put more lights on the development of the meaning of that “Five-Pointed Start” and also the usage of that star around the word. In addition, the researcher will also, present a few mathematical activities that he has developed and used in his mathematics classes during his life as a secondary school mathematics teacher.

Creative Leadership and Its Relation to the Improvement of Performance of Healthcare Practitioners in Dhahran al Janoub Hospital *
 
Published at Journal of American Academic Research (JAAR)
Enas Aldossari, Researcher
King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
Ameerah Qattan, Researcher
King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia

 Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate the current state of practicing creative leadership and its relation to improving the performance of health practitioners in Dhahran al Janoub Hospital. The current research population includes all employees of Dhahran al Janoub Hospital. The sample included (100) employees representing the research population. To achieve the research objectives, the study utilized the descriptive-analytical approach and used questionnaires for data collection. The study yielded several results, including the following: (1) the reality of practicing creative leadership in Dhahran al Janoub Hospital came to a (high) degree from the point of view of the sample; (2) that the levels of the performance of health practitioners in Dhahran al Janoub Hospital were rated (high) from the point of view of the sample; and (3) there is a (positive) statistically significant correlation between the creative leadership dimensions and the performance levels of health practitioners in Dhahran al Janoub Hospital, with a correlation coefficient (.808 **). In the light of these results, the study presented some recommendations, including the following: (1) the need for hospital management to implement plans and policies related to developing and improving the job performance of hospital employees; (2) the need for hospital management to follow up on the latest developments in modern management tools and methods; and (3) the need to maintain a high level of creative leadership by providing support and giving incentives to administrative leaders in hospitals who have ideas to develop their hospitals.

A Study of Pragmatic Adaptations in Translation by English Language Learners at BS Level *
Published at American Journal of Applied Linguistics (AJAL)
Gulshan Naz, Scholar
The University of Lahore Sargodha Campus, Pakistan
Noureen Aslam, Lecturer
The University of Lahore Sargodha Campus, Pakistan
Rehana Bi Bi, Scholar
The University of Lahore Sargodha Campus, Pakistan
Muhammad Ali Shahid, Principal
The Hope College of Science & Management Sillanwali, Pakistan
Abstract

Translating is not the same thing as transferring knowledge. Nowadays, translation studies have suggested that translation practice is not only dealing with the linguistic structure, but it is also influenced by context that is cultural, political, and ideological oriented. These factors influence the target text in the process of translation. Therefore, translators used adaptations in translation to retain the original meaning of the source text. These adaptations help a translator to make an original text for the target reader. The current research deals with the study of pragmatic adaptations in translation by English Language Learners at the BS level. Thus, for this purpose, the current research has adopted a quantitative method approach. In contrast, the researcher has selected Skopos theory in which VehmasLetho’s model of pragmatic adaptations is used as a method that focuses on the analysis of the translated text. Employing the pre and post-test design, this study aims to analyze the role, instances, and effects of pragmatic adaptations in Urdu translation of English text by English Language Learners. The original text consists of two short stories named “Holidays” and “The Happy Prince”. These short stories observed the pragmatic features. Translated text based on the translation of these two short stories that were conducted by English Language Learners through achievement text. The analytical framework compares the original and translated text. After that, all quantitative data is analyzed by applying a t-test. The findings reveal that the use of pragmatic adaptations in the process of translation brings a considerable improvement in the performance of Learners. Naturalness in translation will be achieved if there are pragmatic adaptations.

The Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on Science Education in Anambra State of Nigeria *
Published at American Journal of Higher Education (AJHE)
Amarachukwu Nkechi Nwoye, Ph.D. & Lecturer
Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria
 
Ijeoma Lilian David-Okoro, Ph.D Scholar
Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria
 
Chioma Stephaine Mbaegbu, Ph.D Scholar
Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria
Abstract

The spread of coronavirus is a general issue that turned to become a global world threat to the economic growth of all countries. The virus has affected all sectors of the economy, including education. This study looks at the impact of the COVID 19 pandemic on the teaching and learning especially in science education in Anambra state of Nigeria. The empirical study was carried out using the historical research method which allowed the use of secondary data in the study. The work was structure thematically to allow the highlighting of the areas and critical discussion of the areas of relevance. It was revealed that the pandemic has led to the closure of schools, delay in completion of academic sessions, the emergence of online teaching, however, it has positively advanced the method of teaching and learning from the traditional classroom approach to the new e-learning method.  The study recommends that school authorities should put in place efforts aimed at sustaining the method of teaching via online platforms such as Zoom, Skype, WhatsApp, Google meet, among others so that future events of such nature will not take us by surprise. The parents should as well provide their children with the requisite gadgets needed for online learning while the government increases the budgetary allocation for education to enhance its effective operations. Furthermore, the students should be taught safety measures to avoid contracting the virus and the government should intensify monitoring on the compliance to covid-19 guidelines to curb the spread of the pandemic.

The Effect of the Exchange Rate on the Balance of Trade in Sudan - An Analytical Study (2009-2019) *
Published at American Journal of Economics and Finance (AJEF)
Haram Mohamed Badawi Mohamed, Ph.D & Associate Professor
Blue Nile University, Sudan

 
Abdalrahim Alhassan Mohammed Osman, Assistant Professor
Shaqra University, KSA
Abstract

This study is concerned with analyzing the change of the exchange rate and its implications for the trade balance during (2009- 2019). The Study Problem: Developing countries, including Sudan, are working to improve their trade balance by adopting some economic policies on the exchange rate as one of their most important tools that work to encourage exports and substitute imports. The study aims to explaining the effect of the exchange rate on the balance of trade in Sudan, economic liberalization policy on the trade balance, the real gross product on the trade balance. Study hypotheses are: Lowering the exchange rate leads to an improvement in the balance of trade in Sudan, There is a direct relationship between economic liberalization policy and the balance of trade, There is a direct relationship between the real GDP and the trade balance. The study used both the descriptive and analytical approach by analyzing the data of the years of study. The main results are: There is a direct statistically significant relationship between the GDP and the exchange rate, through the positive GDP sign, which contradicts the economic theory, as the statistical value of (T) test reached (.0.0011) which is less than the significance level (.0.05), there is a direct statistically significant relationship between the inflation rate and the exchange rate, which corresponds to the economic theory, through the positive sign of the inflation factor, where the statistical value of the (T) test reached (0.0001). The main recommendations are: Fixing the exchange rates at the real price of the pound against foreign currencies, and this is what we hope will happen after the recent liberalization decision, which has witnessed relative stability so far, and we must work continuously to reach full employment of the production elements in Sudan, in terms of capital and labor, the use of large areas of agricultural lands, the extraction of oil and gold in larger quantities sufficient for the local need and the export of the surplus.

Culturalization Strategies for the Community Tourism in the Ecuadorian Amazon *
Published at American Journal of Economics and Finance (AJEF)
Maria Alexandra Moscoso Alvarado, Ph.D. Scholar 
Jeonbuk National University, Korea
JI-YOUNG JEONG, Ph.D. & Professor
Jeonbuk National University, Korea
Abstract

This paper develops strategies for the community tourism in the Ecuadorian Amazon, it tries to show a classification by type of the indigenous people who live and work there through the Community Tourism. The purpose of this research is to provide strategies that the communities in the región can apply and enhance their contributions to the GDP of the country plus the export of their traditions and culture. The Community Tourism has many aims, such as enable the integration of policies, poverty reduction, improvement of the reactivity and readiness of the public and private sector.

Laws on Intellectual Property to Improve SME Performances in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam *
Published at American Journal of Law and Practices (AJLP)
Nguyen Minh Duc, Lawyer, Ph. D. Candidate
Hanoi- University of Laws, Vietnam
Abstract

Intellectual property seems not to be a new issue in the fast and developed scientific, technology age but many Vietnamese enterprises and SMEs have not paid much attention on it. In fact, intellectual property has been regarded as a source of competitive advantage for nations, big enterprises as well as SMEs. This paper aims at exploring the relationship between laws on intellectual property and SMEs performances in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The findings showed that Competitive Advantages, Brand Trust, and Intellectual Property Management can have more positive influence to firm performance  while Legality has less influence. Therefore, SMEs in Vietnam have to reconsider their procedures systematically to be protected, managed, and enforce their rights to get the best business results with intellectual property rights.

Translation of Treaty of Nanking: A Sociological Perspective *
Published at American Journal of Applied Linguistics (AJAL)
 
Wensheng Deng, Associate Professor
Beijing Institute of Petrol-chemical Technology, China
Abstract

In studying the Treaty of Nanking, historians have focused more on the historical context of the treaty, but less on its translation in Chinese, while translators have paid less attention to the context of signing the treaty but more on the translation. Logically speaking, schools of the two methods are far from perfection for studying the treaty. Therefore, it seems better to combine the two methods into research of the treaty, which is consistent with the sociology of translation studies. Based upon concepts such as “field”, “habitus” and “capital”, this paper is going to discuss the field, relations, ethics and strategy of the translation from micro- and macro-level of the treaty. The micro-level refers to focusing on the translation, just as issues of textual equivalence; the latter on the social situation and historical circumstances, similar to the field of signing the treaty. By doing so, the author hopes to offer a fresh understanding of the translation.

Study of the English Translation Strategies of Dialects in Contemporary Chinese Fiction--A Case Study of Goldblatt's English Version of Red Sorghum *
Published at Journal of American Academic Research (JAAR)
First Author: Xinyu Zhang, Scholar
 Foreign Languages Department, Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, Beijing, China
Corresponding Author: Shan Ge, Lecturer
 Foreign Languages Department, Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, Beijing, China

Abstract

Dialect is the native language of different regions, which reflects the different social lives of different regions. As an important carrier of regional cultural information, dialect is commonly used in modern and contemporary literary works to make the characters more real and vivid. Against the background of "going out" of Chinese culture, the accurate translation of dialect in literature plays a crucial role in the dissemination of Chinese local culture. It is generally agreed that dialect translation should not be forced to follow the principle of "faithfulness" and "absolute equivalence", but should allow the translator to make a moderate compromise between the mainstream translation norms of the target culture and the needs of readers when choosing translation strategies in order to achieve cultural communication. Taking Howard Goldblatt’s English Version of Red Sorghum as the research object, this paper made a comparative analysis of the translation and the original text so as to find the translation strategies of dialects adopted by Goldblatt. It is found that on the premise of correctly understanding the original text, Goldblatt adopted various methods to make the translation reproduce the artistic effect of the original dialect to a large extent. On the basis of the analysis of Goldblatt’s translation, the paper put forward two strategies for translating dialects in contemporary Chinese novels: equivalence translation and coinage translation. Equivalence translation can be either literally translating the dialect into English or translating them into slang or colloquial expressions and idiomatic expressions in the target language which enhances the readability of the translation. Therefore, it can be easily understood by target readers. While equivalent expressions cannot be found in the target language, translators can use coinage translation. This method can better reproduce the stylistic features of the original text, and enable the target readers to further understand the local culture by using unfamiliar words and semantics.

Reproduction of Aesthetic Values in Fictional Translation--A Case Study of the Chinese Translation of A Tale of Two Cities *
Published at American Journal of Higher Education (AJHE)
First Author: Shan Ge, Lecturer
Foreign Languages Department, Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, Beijing, China 
Corresponding Author: Yuxin Cao, Scholar
Foreign Languages Department, Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, Beijing, China 
Abstract

Aesthetics is of great importance in fictional translation. Studies show that reproduction of aesthetic values in fictional translation does not simply include transferring messages from the source language to the target language, but also clarifying the relationship between the aesthetic subject and the aesthetic object, and thus adopting appropriate methods to achieve aesthetic representation in translation. While former studies have shown the relation between the aesthetic values and fictional translation, the role of the translator played in aesthetic activity, and the nature of aesthetic representation in translation, few studies have been done on the specific translation strategies that can be adopted to reproduce aesthetic values when it comes to the formal system and non-formal system of the language. Taking Liu Miqing's theory on translation aesthetics as the main theoretical framework, this paper explored aesthetic representation in fictional translation by comparing two Chinese versions of A Tales of Two Cities translated by Huang Ping and Song Zhaolin. It is found that aesthetic reproduction can be accomplished at various levels. In formal systems, the aesthetic appeal of the original text can be reproduced at phonetic and lexical level or syntactic and textual level. In a non-formal system, translators need to feel the emotions and intentions implied in the original text, and grasp the images and symbols of the original text by observation and imagination.

Women in Sport Leadership in Saudi Arabia *
Published at Journal of American Academic Research (JAAR)
Mohrah Salem Abdullah Almuawi, Ph.D. Scholar
Concordia University Chicago, USA
Abstract

In the recent meeting of international participation, it had a higher number of Saudi Arabian women take part. This number consisted of at least 100 athletes and team leaders who were part of the 6th Gulf Cooperation Council in Kuwait. Despite the increased levels of discrimination of women in sports, in 2012, it is revolutionary that the numbers were on the rise when they were banned from participating. This is a positive sign since even the performance of most teams is overwhelming as they are winning trophies. The government of Saudi had passed a policy that banned all women from participating in sports. This was evident since the government, in the year 2009, had to close the private women gyms across the country. However, due to civilization, the number of women leading the sports clubs and teams and those participating increases by 56%. This is a good number since they can compete internationally with other countries in sports. The increased competition has proved that women are strong leaders who can deliver victory in most departments.

Considerations for Home and Community-Based  COVID-19 Pandemic: The Undiscovered Consequences Among Iranian Startups
Published at American Journal of Health Science (AJHS)
Robert Johnson, Ph.D.
University of Richmond, USA

Abstract 

Due to the allocation of health resources and services, it is commonly believed that community-based protection and prevention is very effective to cut off Covid-19 transmission at the beginning stage. Recent years, the COVID-19 abrupt outbreak has become a major concern with substantial effects on markets, and the world economy. The impact of COVID-19 is assessed to be even more than all the previous global pandemic. In this short-term, due to the impacts of this pandemic, startups are more prone to fail or succeed faster than ever before; however, the challenges they face are not yet clearly scrutinized, as the pandemic was faster than scholars. This study therefore investigates the main challenges of Iranian startups by interviewing the co-founders of fifteen well-known startups. The two-step coding was used to analyze findings and these findings were explained in a focus group session to which startup co-founders, policymakers, and scholars were invited. It was concluded, six principal types of challenges are major concern by this pandemic, including, human resources management, support measures financial and marketing, mechanisms, crisis management, and few others. The research will have great impact and influence on alleviating the current emergent situation.  *

Education, Knowledge and Economy in the Triangle of Recent Urban Development: The Case for New Entrepreneurs under Constraints of Neoliberalism and Higher Education Matrix 
 
Published at American Journal of Higher Education (AJHE)
Rosemary Williams, Ph.D. and Instructor
Mount Saint Vincent University, Canada
 
Michael Brown, Ph.D.
Mount Saint Vincent University, Canada

Abstract 

Education opportunity is considered to be one of the most valuable factors in the economic development and employee retain rate. This particular research will demonstrate how the co-effect of education, knowledge and economy will influence recent urban development. The domination of neoliberalism and the connected discourses of new public management during the 1990s to 2000s has introduced a fundamental uplift in the way of higher education in universities and other institutions. Each has defined and justified their institutional existence. The old professional culture of intellectual enquiry and examination has been replaced with institutional new performativity, as evidenced by the emergence of an emphasis on measured outputs: on planned development, student performance, quality assurance measures and academic credit and audits. This paper identified the links between neoliberalism and globalization as well as neoliberalism and the knowledge economy. According to it, in a global neoliberal environment, the role of higher education in economic development is governed by governments as having greater importance to the extent that higher education has become the new star ship in the policy fleet for governments around the world. Universities are the basic driver for economic knowledge and as a consequence higher education institutions have been encouraged to develop links with industry. The recognition of the economic importance of higher education for economic viability is necessary to promote greater entrepreneurial skills and develop the new performative measures to enhance output to achieve targets. This paper attempts to document these trends at the level of both political philosophy and economic theory. The author believes that the research result will give the light in the research of education, economy and urban development.  *

Positive and Negative Benefits of Flaxseed as an Organic Food Source During the Period of Sustainable and Strategic Development
 
Published at American Academic Journal of Agriculture (AAJA)
Süleyman Özberk, Ph. D. and Lecturer
Cukurova University, Turkey
Abstract

Flaxseed was cultivated in Babylon in around many centuries ago and many people consider it as one of the most powerful plant foods on the planet (Magee, 2020). When Traced back to history, we can also realize that flaxseed can be used to treat diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, stroke and all kinds of cancer. The application of flaxseed was highlighted by scientists and medical workers for many centuries. However, the valuable effects of flaxseed was always underestimated to a large degree, and even people who are working in the specific field can not cognitively associate the benefits of flaxseed with the treatment of certain disease. Thus, the waste of flaxseed was unnoticed when it comes over-consumption and non-effective consumption. This article will enumerate both the positive side and the negative side of flaxseed which will benefits sustainable development as an organic food source. After a systematic comparison and analysis, the conclusion was drawn naturally with statistic analysis and logic induction as scientific collaboration. *

Comparing Obesity in Urban and Rural Area Based on Demographic Factors and How Obesity Negatively Influence People’s Life Quality and Educational Level
Published at American Journal in Health Science (AJHS)
Chukwunonso Ogbeide, Ph.D. Scholar & Lecturer
University of Benin. Nigeria
Abstract

According to recent research done by Zibima, S. B., Wasini, K. B., & Oniso, J. I. (2020), obesity is dramatically increasing year by year and it was consider one of the most severe life-threatening fatal diseases globally by the end of 2020. The fact is that obesity itself may not be dangerous, but the complications related to obesity can be deadly or fatal in a great extent. Though many researchers have had extensive research in this field, only a few compared the scientific data from unban area with which from the suburban area. The goal of this research is first, to employ scientific data, research, and analysis with the goal of raising public awareness for people who are within the high-risk group and try to rescue them by informing them of the basic knowledge of obesity’s origin, prevention, danger, threatening, and treatment. Second, the realistic purpose for this research is comparing obesity in urban and rural area based on demographic factors and how obesity negatively influence people’s life quality and educational level. A questionnaire was obtained from 200 attendees and Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for the scientific analysis of the data. The research results confirmed the doubts and anxiety of the severely negative influence of obesity on educational achievements, human life quality, life expectancy at present and in the future. *

Contemporary Research on Synthesis Methods of Metal-organic Frameworks (MOFs)
Published at American Journal of Chemical Science (AJCS)
Shawna Pochipinski, Ph. D. & Lecturer
University of Abuja, Nigeria
 
Abdulkadir Bamisaye, Ph. D. & Assistant Professor
Abia State University, Nigeria

Abstract

Recent years, the research on Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are countless yet no previous research focused on MOF on the basis that they are a class of hybrid network of supramolecular solid materials composed of organized organic linkers and metal cations. This research paper displayed enormously high surface areas with tunable pore size and fitful functionality, and it can be applied to the hosts for a range of guest molecules. After the thorough discovery research, MOFs have experienced widespread exploration for their applications in gas storage, drug delivery and sensing. An ultimate goal of the current research is to better understand the two-sided effects of MOF membranes and the research result showed significant positive proofs. The preliminary conclusion is that MOFs can be regarded as a reusable merging of solid acids and organic polymers in the area of construction and industrial foundation. This article synthesized the functionality of MOFs with unique perspective and the research implications are of great importance in further discovering and advancing the practical development of chemical science. *

Understanding Our Mind Through Guidance: How Philosophy Enables Us to Perceive the World and Master Human Mind
Published at American Journal of Philosophy Quarterly (AJPQ)
Keith Jardine, Ph.D. & Assistant Professor
University of Central Missouri, USA
 
Carlos Knoll, Ph.D. Scholar
University of Central Missouri, USA
Abstract

The current research is understanding our mind: how philosophy enables us to perceive the world and master human mind. As we all know, designing a study about the thinking pattern to investigate how minds work while thinking is the mind in conversation with itself. The central model stated that the mind is the core mode of self-interrogation in psychotherapy and psychology built on philosophical precepts. Both Socratic dialogue and stoicism are evident in the principles of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT). CBT and especially REBT instruct people to examine and dispute their beliefs and thus to tolerate unpleasant feelings—shades of Epictetus. The connection is bidirectional: The most perplexed evidence showed that people's psychological positions on philosophical questions in the center of the free-will existence are significantly influenced by their individual temperament and personality rather than cognitive ability. Future research will explore related philosophical questions which remain for human beings to further discover. *

From Higher Education into the World of Retail: Dirty Little Secrets 
Published at American Journal of Business Management (AJBM)
Bao N. Tran, Ed.D & Health Sci  Advisor/Adjunct Instructor
Dallas College, USA
Abstract

The current research is understanding our mind: how philosophy enables us to perceive the world and master human mind. As we all know, designing a study about the thinking pattern to investigate how minds work while thinking is the mind in conversation with itself. The central model stated that the mind is the core mode of self-interrogation in psychotherapy and psychology built on philosophical precepts. Both Socratic dialogue and stoicism are evident in the principles of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT). CBT and especially REBT instruct people to examine and dispute their beliefs and thus to tolerate unpleasant feelings—shades of Epictetus. The connection is bidirectional: The most perplexed evidence showed that people's psychological positions on philosophical questions in the center of the free-will existence are significantly influenced by their individual temperament and personality rather than cognitive ability. Future research will explore related philosophical questions which remain for human beings to further discover. *

Research Review: Practical Research on Applications of MOFs for Gas Storage
 
Published at American Journal of Chemical Science (AJCS)
Jack Willough, Ph. D. & Director of Research
University of New Orleans, USA
 
Nancy Evans, Ph. D. & Lecturer
University of New Orleans, USA
Abstract

Recent years, research on MOF application showed positive tendency in MOF effects on gas storage. However, current researchers conducted a serious investigation and found the previous research had obvious flaws in over-generalization. Several options are available for storing gases effectively, but these mostly require high-pressure tanks and multistage compressors. Such methods are highly expensive for practical uses and there is a need for them to be substituted by simple and less expensive solutions. In an attempt to overcome these issues and to find safer storage methods, several materials, like zeolites or activated porous carbons, have been studied for gas storage. However, MOFs have outperformed most of these traditional materials in terms of gas storage, separation and industrial application. Easy synthetic procedures, high surface area, wide opportunities for functionalization and tunable pore structures make MOFs preferable compared with other porous materials. This article reviews studies of storage applications for important gases like H2, CO2, CH4, CO, NO, hydrocarbons etc. within MOFs, with a brief description of the factors responsible for effective storage. The current researcher hopes that this research result could be reevaluated and reinstated in order to avoid practical losses. *

Collaborative Group Tasks, Problem Solving, and Social Interaction under the Environment of Computer-aided Intelligent Learning Environment
 
Published at American Journal of Computer Sciences (AJCS)
Robin Bachman, Ph.D. Scholar
Stevens Institute of Technology, USA
Abstract

Learning through computer-aided inquiry was considered as an important breakthrough in teaching and learning history as it substantially improved the frequency of social interaction, cognitive thinking and learning achievements. According to Dillenbourg, P., Järvelä, S., & Fischer, F. (2009), the collaboration among peers can be “pre-designed” with specific purpose of improving learner ability and learning effectiveness in a specific field of acquisition. In addition, it can facilitate affective, social, emotional and motivational ability with the aid of purposeful scenarios and online interaction. The researcher did the experiment in a remote US university with 100 learners in the control group and 100 learners in the experimental group. The test result surprised all test takers and organizers with non-effects related predictive results. The current research focused on the observation and analysis of collaborative group task, problem solving, and social interaction under the environment of computer-aided and intelligent Learning environment. The research result will be beneficial to scholars all over the world who has a particular interest in discovering how computer-aided learning environment on collaborative group task, problem solving, and learning improvement. *